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Lecture 5

Lecture 5- The Constitutional Convention.pdf

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Political Science
Course Code
POLI 325D1
Harold Waller

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Compromisethe Connecticut Compromisenational regulation of commercea provision that Congress would have the power to regulate interstate commerce and to regulate foreign commerceno permission for a state to levy a tax on importsfederal government could not levy a tax on exports free market within the country no tax on goods between the statesproportional taxationunder confederation source of revenue was an agreement among states to give money to the federal govt didnt work well too dependent on the statesfederal govt created a law that states must pay a tax to the federal proportionally based on their populations35 rulewhen you allocate representation in the HoR do you take into account slavesSoutherners said yes you should because it would give them more reps in CongressNorth said no you shouldnt count them because they dont even have the voteif you want to count them for representation in Congress you have to count them in your proportional taxation for the state tooagreed to count slaves as 35 of a person for dual purpose of house representation and taxation took until after the Civil War for this to be repealedpostCivil War amendments rendered slaves free and gave them the right to vote and would be 100 human beings for taxation purposesadmission of new statesCongress would control the conditions of admission for new statesslaveryslave trade North wanted to abolish it South did notCongress would not have the power to limit the slave trade for 20 years in practice until 1808in 1808 they banned the slave trade but there were already so many slaves in the country had they not been willing to compromise over the slavery question there would be no constitution produced The Constitutions Main Detailsstarted with we the peoplepopular sovereignty written into the constitutiondelegates were sent to represent the ppl of the statesconstitution once written sent out to each state to be ratified by state conventions Senate and House of Representatives Congress refers to both housesreps elected by the people for 2 year terms voters in the states are determined according to the criteria set by the stateno federal elections like Elections Canada in Canadathe states determine who is eligible to vote and you must registerstate and federal elections may coincide but they dont need to 435 members limithouse has sole power of impeachment 2 senators from each statesenators have 6 year terms divided into thirds 13 are up for election every 2 yearsstaggered terms VP head of CongressSenate has sole power to try impeachments the investigation and trial an officer ie the president has violated the constitution need 23 vote to convict president cansign a billveto a billdo nothing10 days after go
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