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POLI 338 - Lecture: Rural Society and State (Jan. 15)

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 338
Juan Wang

Lecture Two – Chinese Rural Society I: Agricultural Reform What could spur peasant productivity? − land? − higher wages/returns? − pricing − originally just state price − tried to increase state price − too high of budget expenditures − introduced double-pricing system (state and market) What could incentive cadre productivity? − managerial role − cadres often also served in managerial capacities in TVEs − fiscal contracts -> increased flexibility in expenditures − cadre evaluation system; institutionalized promotion linked to revenue generation So three reasons: personal economic welfare, fiscal, and professional incentives. − TVEs also way to absorb surplus labour that resulted from decollectivization II: Rural Society and State Why do peasants revolt? − lack of transparency over use of revenue gained from fees − extraneous burden of fees to the point of unreasonableness − think 'rightful resistance' Why do cadres extract? − provision of public goods − infrastructure; public services − inflating salaries of local officials − diverting funds to pro
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