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Lecture

POLI 338 - Lecture: Chinese Perception of World Order (Feb. 12)

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 338
Professor
Juan Wang
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture Feb 12 I. Traditional Sinocentrism/Confucianism − China perceived to be in centre − other nations lower in a hierarchical cosmology − yet, this world order is not necessarily maintained militarily; Confucian doctrine traditionally emphasized cultural persuasion and peaceful diplomacy, and education − the differences between China and barbarian is based on moral grounds − tian xia: territorial boundary of nation-states is not focus of emphasis This Sino-centric view declined during 1840-1910 (see Fairbanks) II. Western civilization/ Japanese Pan-Asianism − introduction of European system of international nation-states enjoying sovereignty and equality − West vs. East dynamic − Western superiority, teleological development − Easter counter-civilization, Japanese led, Asian-specific modernity
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