Class Notes (808,703)
Canada (493,376)
POLI 340 (66)
Rex Brynen (65)

electoral politics.odt

3 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
Political Science
POLI 340
Rex Brynen

ELECTORAL POLITICS Single member constituency – plurality vote MMCs – districts in which more than one MP will be elected – ie Tunisia, Jordan – election can occur with voters having only one vote or having multiple votes – one vote disadvantaged political parties and encouraged tribal alleigances Proportional representation – party or open list – various systems for proportionality – Single Transferable Vote – reserved seats (women, minorities) Implications: Good: connection between people and their MPs, more representative Neutral: creates more parties Bad: vulnerable to gerrymandering (could have urban ridings have more people in them with more Palestinians and rural areas with few Palestinians get same representation- in Jordan) National PR system – all votes cast at national level and turn them into seats – entire country is one district – closed or open list: closed list system, each party presents a list of its candidates in rank order- less choice in individual candidates for voter; open list system, you vote for a party and a candidate- 5 most popular MPs get elected – representative, not vulnerable to gerrymandering because there are no borders to draw, least vulnerable to corruption because MP doesn't have a district and it is very difficult to bribe people on a mass scale – leads to many parties and coalition governments (sometimes there is a threshold) – MPs aren't responsive to constituents Mixed systems Importance of electoral laws – PR system: – PR threshold rules: – party registration: in Iran, there is an ideological screen- screened for commitment to Islamic revolution – candidate eligibility – campaign financing – campaign restrictions, media access etc Constitutional setting – unitary vs federal states PR systems make it easier to encourage the election of women nd rd – quotas: zipper quotas: every 2 or 3 candidate required to be a woman, most effective in closed list system because people can't just pick the men – reserved seats: Jordan, seats set aside for women- potentially problematic because it creates animosity (wahhh, you only got elected because you're a woman *cries male tears*) SMC systems make it harder – require parties run a certain number of female candidates but of
More Less

Related notes for POLI 340

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.