explaining monarchical survival in the Middle East
monarchies and political liberalization
monarchy and the Arab Spring
the immediate postcolonial years in the Middle
East saw a number of Middle East monarchies fail
general pattern across the developing world that monarchies in post colonial world they
dint survive or if they survived they dint have much power. So there were monarchies
overthrown in Egypt Iraq
south yemen was supposed to be a federal monarchy never turned out to be one. Tunisia
was supposed to be a monarchy too. Never happens.
Jordan and morocco almost haad monarchies overthrown almost
and there are new groups emerginf with new demands and its hard to accommodate them. ites
And that monarchies are not adaptable.
monarchies in the Middle East monarchies in the world monarchies in the world
tradition?> prob ▯ it works for morocco cos its been very long. Jordan? No cos they are
from sauida and it hasn’t been that long. Gulf states yeah they were leading families but not
effective state building? (Anderson) ▯ mobilizing resources behind a national project. But
then why dint monarchies do well in other areas than middle east
skilled political leadership? ▯ similar like above. Like king Hussein of Jordan was very
skilled. But it is a weak reason for othe rmonarchies
oil rents? (Gause) ▯ it’s the money? That’s a fairly powerful argument cos out of 10
absolute monarchies, 7 are oil rich monarchies. We only have 3 that are non oil or weak oil
monarchies. But we also have fail monarchies of Libya and iran.
dynastic monarchies? (Herb) ▯ saudia. That you have large family which u then deploy to
all imp posts. Or a combination of oil and family scene.
external support? (Gause) ▯ that they have oil and so have external support. Rex is
doubtful that America can any more play a role in making ur monarchy survive any more. Gcc in middle east is external support too. Like Bahrain. Jordan and morocco getting
money. So the external stabilizers might not be west etc but regional scene. Iranian support
to Syrians more imp than Russians. Russian more important in UN though.
how do monarchies really differ from the
“hereditary republics” ?
Syria, plus potential “hereditary succession” in
Egypt, Yemen, Libya, perhaps Tunisia
This is the difference:
republican presidents: (theoretically) elected? In theory you are responsible to the ppl
monarchies: (theoretically) above the fray? In theory you are above the dra