Class Notes (807,524)
Canada (492,700)
POLI 341 (52)


4 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
Political Science
POLI 341
Julie Norman

POLI 341 Feb 28 , 2013 Israel-Palestine Conflict - Root causes of the conflict? - Changes in conflict dynamics? o Day-to-day changes; covered in the media now o Current conflict with wider Arab states region o Not the same as the initial roots of cause - Current issues/grievances? - Prospects for resolution/peace/justice? o Which ones are tangible andrdntangible - Role of US, Arab states, other 3 parties? o Most states focused on a 2-state model while some like the 1-state model. Gaza separate from the West Bank would be the 3-state-model. Geography - “Green Line:” Geographic highway line that divides Israel and Palestine as an old armistice line between the two - Capital of Israel is contested o International community has not recognized Jerusalem as the capital and Tel Aviv is still recognized as where states put their embassies Brief History - Immigration of Zionism started at the end of the 1800’s and there was a th building in conflict and tension for the first half of the 20 century - Disaster for Palestinians o War of independence - 1967: 6 day war o Turning point in conflict o Get Palestinian territories shown on map o West Bank and Gaza become occupied territories - 1970’s: Camp David Accord o Changes Egypt’s relationship with Israel, same with US - 1990’s: Oslo Accords and Peace Process Early History: British Mandate in Palestine - We always talk about US presence, but British had a lot of say in terms of how things played out politically o Contrasting agreements about how to split up ME after WWI (recall) - Balfour Declaration o Guaranteed a national homeland for the Jewish in Israel  Terminology important: did not specifically say a state or a country, but a national homeland. State would assist Jewish immigration and ensure institutions for the national home - Israel, Palestine and Jordan as British mandate o Mandate: nurture establishment of institutions to lead to eventual statehood for a region - British end up having a dual obligation o To establish a national Jewish home in Israel and Palestine o And to Arabs in the nation and to some extent, the Leage of Nations, to move parts of this territory toward Arab state as well - Main Issues o Immigration o Land Sales  Once the demographics shift, as immigration increases, it became concern for Arabs in region that they were losing the land to a Western/Euro influx  Increasing Arab resentment toward Immigration and West keeping control over their region after the war - British create a semi-border along the now-Jordan river and were only allowing immigration into the Israel-Palestine region, while Jordan was basically functioning as an autonomous state - Zionists becoming increasingly frustrated as well o Because British were balancing against the Arab concerns so there was a lot of back-and-forth between dual obligations o Mistrust and resentment of British - Cycle of Violence o Arab/Jewish/British o Violence targeted British in 40’s but originally started between Arabs and Jewish o 1946: Bombed to see British get out so independence movement could go forward WWII - Need for immigration to the region became quite obvious to the rest of the international community who hadn’t been paying attention to them before - Western states were closing their own doors to Jewish immigration o Canada and US among this o Increasing need to allow immigration to the Israel-Palestine region - UN is new organization at this point and are trying to deal with the question of Jewish refugees in and after WWII - UN Partition Plan o Plan to create 2 states in Israel-Palestine o Because western states didn’t want influx of Jewish immigration o Designates Jerusalem to the ‘international zone’ o First time UN endorses the 2-state solution and now w
More Less

Related notes for POLI 341

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.