Class Notes (810,035)
Canada (493,928)
POLI 341 (52)


4 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
Political Science
POLI 341
Julie Norman

POLI 341 Feb 19, 2013 READ DUECK AND TAKEY FOR THURS CASE STUDY: IRAN (Questions to Consider) - Effect of Iran’s rise on balance of power in Middle East? o Iran rise shifts US foreign policy to balance out Egypt and Saudi Arabia o Hezballah and Lebanon very influenced by Iran - Impact of domestic politics of foreign policy? Parliament and government structure, impact of 2009 protests? - Iran’s geopolitical importance o First state in region that British took interest in  territorially large and positioned on key waterways o Open to influence from both Soviet Union and pressure from the west during cold war Modern History - Influence of the British in putting Shah on throne o Created a legitimacy gap in terms of how he was perceived locally o British concerned about oil influence and working out a deal of supporting Shah monarchy in return for oil relations - Shah was challenged after 10 years o Mossadegh, secular and charismatic leader wanted to nationalize the oil fields and take back revenues for the state. Had lots of political support but was quickly removed by a CIA-supported coup - White revolution, 1963 o Mainly focuses on land reforms because Shah was trying to win support of the peasantry o Most peasants didn’t get much out of it and it alientated the shah from influential land lords and clergy because they lost their land through social reforms o Khomeini became a large outspoken critic of Shah and was exiled until the actual revolution o Resentment starts in 60’s with white revolution - 1970s sees economic hardship o More uprisings and expression of discontent o Repression of outbursts - 1979 establishes Islamic republic - 1980-1988- Iran-Iraq war o Longer than either state predicted o Makes it hard for new regime in Iran to maintain legitimacy and authority results in increasing repression - 2000 sees opening of Iran and moderates - 2005-present is very characterized by controversy over nuclear development o Shaking up with green movmenet and election protests 1979 Revolution - Khomeini very influential from the outside because he was exiled - Shariati was another influential leader from the inside; died before revolution but his philosophy of red shi’ism drove the revolution o Combining class struggle with religious struggle - Lots of religious conservatives and secular conservatives as well - Secular revolutionaries o Marxist and socialist influences involved as well Motivations for Revolution - Shah’s domestic policies (both economic and social) - For the Marxist influenced groups, it was a response to repression and human rights and freedoms violations o SAVAK (secret police) torture and repress any opposition - Push back to increasing foreign and western influence - Similar to arab uprisings today  for many it was just economic grievance - Religious fundamentalism o Wanting to establish the Islamic republic - Gap between expectations of revolution and the gap that came afterwards - Role of religion before, during and after in Iran o Twelver Shi’a Isla
More Less

Related notes for POLI 341

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.