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FIrst Intifada

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Political Science
POLI 342
Imad Mansour

Foreign Policy Imad Mansour January 27, 2010 The First Intifada (1987) ●grassroots uprising led by no one in particular ●turning point for the Palestinians-- extremely important consequences ●Directed against Israel’s Policies ●exposed internal fissures among the Palestinian elite themselves ●question of the Peace process: what kind of future do they envision in terms of the Israeli conflict etc ●PLO was of course divided and had elites spread across Arab states: what kind of military policy should the PLO adopt ●what’s the role of the PLO elites in the decision making processes among the Palestinian people ●also managed to bring the PLO back into the political picture (b.c. the intifada was not organized by the PLO-- effectively, in the subsequent years there were more serious attempts to organize the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza ●there was no clear leader with whom the Israelis could negotiate-- its military strategy was designed for an army ●from 1988-1990s a period of dialogue commenced through informal channels to find resolution to the situation in the West Bank and Gaza ●1987-1993: 6-7 years of conferencing/dialoguing led to a change of the structure of the Palestinian elite-- created an authority in the West Bank and Gaza to speak for the people of Palestine Palestinian Authority (1993-2000) ●most people who organized the PLO became the leaders/ elite who administered the Palestinian authority-- transformation in the institutions ● creation of new sets of institutions to try to manage the Palestinian people ●2 strategies ●political international ●strong ties with the US and EU helped provide the medium by which to negotiate with Israel ●mass mobilization ●diaspora important dimension with the Palestinian authority to approach and build ties world wide ●Main targets of foreign policy ●Israel ●Arab States ●US Factors Influencing Palestinian Authority foreign policy ● External: divided Arab subsystem ●no agreement on what should be the policy toward Israel Foreign Policy Imad Mansour ●since the Arab world is divided, the influence of Israel is accentuated ●Israel’s own behavior: as the dominant powe
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