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POLI 342 (17)

Iran cont'd

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Political Science
POLI 342
Imad Mansour

Foreign Policy: ME Imad Mansour March 22, 2010 IRAN Cont’d. Regime Societal Management ●post- 1979 ●coalition that made the revolution possible was starting to unravel ●two factors: ●interpretation of Shiite jurisprudence ●clerics had gained more power over other societal actors ●Khomeini’s Wali al-Faqih: in Shiite Islam they believe that a messiah will come to salvage them and help them to govern ●important in religion-- until that individual comes, a certain cleric will help administer affairs who is called Wali al-Faqih ●diversity in jurisprudence allows people to oscillate tightly or to move away ●purging of revolutionary partners post- 1979: immediately after the revolution, the military was disbanded, guards of the revolution disbanded ●the supreme leader has more control than the President-- oversight (it’s the collection of groups or organizations who support the individuals Impact of domestic politics on FP of the Islamic Republic of Iran ●creates divided centers of FP decision-making ●there exists a real multiplicity of opinions ●examples ●the american hostage crisis (1979) ●enforced a change on Iranian foreign policy to force it to be anti- Western ●exporting the revolution (1980s) ●was an attempt by the hardline faction to demonstrate the rightness of the revolution through attempts to instigate a series of regional uprisings ●interest of the hardline factions was to demonstrate to societal actors (also international) that their discourse was valid-- what was this? why was it so threatening? ●after the success of the revolution, the regime in power sought to argue that the gulf is governed by exclusionary regimes (Iran turned into one of them) ●this call for a revolution was not very successful ●the hardening of the state system made it almost immune to ideological positions/manipulation FP of the ISlamic Republic of Iran in the 1980s Foreign Policy: ME Imad Mansour ● the Iran-Iraq war ●weakened the revolutionary momentum ●demanded that resources go into the military effort, also demanded attention by the hardline faction to maintain exclusionary factors internally ●exclusionary regimes face problems in their behavior ●the end of the war came from an initiative by the soft-liners to take power from the hard-liners ●also: transition in the regime to an increased role for reformists ●the revolutionary thermidor (tapering off of the revolution, ●emboldened reformist positions ●reform started under Khomeini 1990s ●contradictions in the FP ●an attempt to try to build bridges ●improve relations in the West-- tried to dialogue with the rest of the world without seeking confrontation ●also: Iran was supporting a bunch of militant organizations in the ME and they held on to Iranian ideas of revolution ●contradiction: attempt to reconcile while maintaining a revolutionary momentum ●struggle for power internally over who decides Iranian dome
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