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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 345
Warren Allmand

POLI 345 September 5, 2013 LECTURE 2 “The Study of IOs: Actors, Forums, and Resources”  Responsibility to punish vs. responsibility to protect  To punish that break norms  Requirements of each of these narratives is different  Sign up for Monday at 1 IOs regulate a growing part of our lives – hence the need to understand what they are and how they function  Eg. Part of passport is determined internationally OR EU passports  ICANN – internet corporation for assigned names and numbers  Human Rights Council  ILO – conventions and agreements on working conditions, therefore agreements are not automatically transferred into domestic law but a lot of those aspects are What kind of things are IOs? Defining Features Three Basic Features of IOs 1) Founded by states with an explicit interstate treaty 2) States as members  Does not mean that states are isolated from the rest of the world  But use this as a defining feature 3) Independent corporate personality  Legal subject of law and can act as a legal subject What IOs are NOT  Therefore by this standard, G20 does not exactly fit as an IO  International order o International organizations as plural  International institution o Much more loose, formal and informal rules (treaties, norms, regimes, different forms of arrangements) o Looser and wider concept o Sovereignty for example can be an international institution, a set of rules o So an IO like the UN works based on the international institution of sovereignty o Does not have to have a formal document or treaty like an IO  IO needs a material headquarter, letterhead, etc. it has material qualities while a norm like an international institution does not have to have one o In this aspect the G20 also fails  IO needs administrative structure o No such thing for G20, no secretariat, loose coordinating forum o Lacks this kind of administrative existence and structure o UN is a “monster” in an administrative sense POLI 345 September 5, 2013  IO is NOT an NGO o These are private and voluntary organizations o Members are generally individuals o Come together to achieve a public purpose o Eg. Red cross, MSF, WWF, Amnesty st o Explosion of numbers in NGOs by the turn of the 21 century o Closer to 30, 000 now and only counting transnational NGOs since a lot are also domestically contained o Tend to focus on advocacy, putting certain things on the global agenda o NGOs deliver services o NGO is still a formal organization, has employees, headquarters, institutional arrangements o But NGOs are private actors and IOs are public actors  They are not multinational organizations for profit such as corporations Typologies of IOs Geographic Scope Global UN, WTO, WHO Regional ASEAN, EU, AU Subregional Mekong Group, Gulf Cooperative Council Purpose General (very few b/c scope unlimited in terms of what theUN, OAS organization will deal with) Specialized (most IOs fall under here b/c they deal with aWTO, WHO, UNICEF, ILO specific issue)  Membership o Can also think of them as the types of members they allow o ILO has tri-part structure working with states, corporations, and the civil unions o Eg. Canada is represented in three ways based on these three forms o Many IOs have given room to non-state actors  Rules o Also think of them in terms of rules o Bureaucratized vs. informal o NAFTA has dispute settlement body
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