Forty countries- teamed up into groups of 4 or 3 depending. Post a list of 5 on September 8th
between 7AM and 3PM. First come first serve.
Countries with stars at P5 or 5 non-permanent that are more important countries. 1 permanent rep
and 3 delegates. All negotiate and make decisions. Paper is individual. Australia, Canada, New
Country analysis Paper
o Policy memo. Clarity, right to the point memo.
o Due October 8th in class.
o 15% of final grade.
o TA's name on title page.
o Max 5 pages, double spaced, normal font, excluding references.
o Next week TA's will go over examples of policy memos- style of writing.
o Sept 30th, TA's will give you chance to come with draft and work on it with someone else in
o Given your countries voting and contribution record at the UN, diplomatic tradition, socio-
economic characteristics, cultural values and ideologies, patterns of alignment, and political
history, what are the 3-5 main priorities that it wants to see implemented in a reformed
Start from your country's foreign policy and then deduce logical implications for reform (i.e.,
think like a diplomatic official in terms of the country's 'national interest').
o Do research on security council reform. Reading today touches on it. Ian Heard touches on it
too. Read those, look at the references and go from there.
o 1 to 1.5 per point.
State a key component of your country's foreign policy. Ex. For the Solomon Islands
their most important relationship is with the US
Briefly explain what it consists of ex. The alliance was contracted in year X, it has been
useful in episode Y, etc. (key background)
State a recommendation on Council reform that logically follows. Ex. We should
advocate a limited enlargement in order to preserve the Council's efficiency
Briefly explain, where need how (3) follows from (1). Not only is this the positions
espouse by the US but it's also the one most likely to...on slides
o Evaluation will be based on:
Quality of analysis (in capturing the big patterns of your country's FP)
Coherence and relevance of the recommendations (logical connections)
Quality of research (country and reform) use scholarly research. Peer reviewed,
published, etc. Primary sources from gov too. Newspapers too.
What are the historical origins of collective security? (and how are these relevant to understand
The Concert of Europe and it's aftermath
The league of Nations
Historical trends and precedents.
o The notion of a group of political units joining forces to address threats from the inside. (one
for all and all for one.)
o Different from collective defence (alliance) which is targeted at external threats. Ex. NATO
countries banning together to defend themselves against Soviet threat. o Collective security you deal with threats from members, not from those coming from the
Hanseatic League 13th-17th C.
o Trading pact amongst Protestant Europe.
Treaty of Westphalia 1648.
o During this period you find that first treaties about collective security.
Concert of Europe 1815
o Follows Napoleonic Wars.
o Settlement where the more conservative monarchies come together and reorganise
o First modern example of collective security system.
o An association of all major Europea