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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 345
Warren Allmand

 Thompson House ballroom 11h30-1PM  Simulation o October 10th Paper due o 8-14th delegations meet and prepare a country proposal o 15th first plenary session (speeches and in class negotiations)- permanent countries and others with stars will give speeches and then negotiate. o 22nd Second Plenary session '' o 22-28th corridor negotiations; delegations team up to prepare Final Proposals o 29th third plenary (in class voting and live simulation report. o If you can't make all the P5 happy, they can veto it. o Which countries align with your interests. Start to talk, try to devise a common proposal.  All countries couch their positions in democratic terms- ex. Canada doesn't want any more permanent members, only more non-permanent members. Ex. India, large population wants to be permanent. Everyone tries to put their interests into terms that are acceptable to everyone else.  What is it about the Charter that makes it such a relevant political document to this day? Rules of the game written in the charter. Even though there've been adjustments, the basic principles are all there. o Adoption  History of the UN goes back to early WWII once the LON is disbanded. Quite early the Americans and the British decide to meet- Churchill and Roosevelt to agree on a document called the Atlantic Charter in 1941- sort of first draft of Charter. Suggested a number of principles for the future organisation of the world- confident they would win. No force territorial expansion, right to self determination, lowering of trade barriers, economic cooperation and harmony. Lead to the declaration of the UN in 1942. Once war was over, started to put plan in motion- Yalta Conference in 1945- Soviets brought in. What to do with Germany- 4 occupied zones and the Big Three agreed there would be such a thing as the veto in the security council- agreed to adopt the charter, a more inclusive process. Didn't tell the others that there was one red line: ultimately big powers would have veto.  San Francisco Conference. Larger setting. Negotiated charter article by article. Drafted mostly by US and GB, but others were invited to adopt it article by article.  Potsdam Conference 1945. Big Three.  LONG ASS SLIDES ONLINE. o Key differences of the Covenant  Why did LON fail? How did they try to do better with UN?  Incomplete membership. Forced veto through by saying that if they don't get it, they'll pull out of agreement. One country one vote, when you allow a country to be able to supersede that, it goes against that ideal and democracy.  Different views of the league's purpose. France wanted it to be strong and forceful. UK wanted it to be a softer global governance. Key lesson learned in WWII was that they needed a strong UN. Needed a SC that could enforce it's decisions legally and militarily. Provisions that make the SC the most powerful body created by human kind.  Close association with WWI settlements. LON, Versailles, all bundled together. Delegitimised the LON.  Insufficient attention to economic and social issues. At the time there was a strong will to expand soft global governance, beyond
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