Bilateral Peace Agreements:
- Israel-Egypt (1979)
o Changing dynamics?
Since Arab spring new muslim brotherhood gov’t
Unrest in the Sinai
Gaza border (harder to get back into Gaza from Egypt) & tunnels
o Mediator between Hamas/Fatah?
- Israel-Jordan (1994)
o Palestinians > half of population in Jordan
Changing policies of citizenship; entry
“Jordan option”? – Jordan becoming the new Palestinian state (Jordan
& Palestinians don’t want this)
o Arab Spring in Jordan?
Palestinian base is the most unrestful
- Israel-Mauritania normalized since Oslo (Tunis & Morrocco cut ties)
o No diplomatic/trade relation
o UNIFIL presence in S. Lebanon for security and humanitarian issues
o Dire conditions for over 400,000 Palestinian refugees
Cannot work, own property, or access healthcare
Permit system (to leave camp)
o Failed attempts at bi-lateral peace agreements
Key to resistance axis?
o Current crisis – implications for Hamas, Israel, Palestinians
o Hamas has cut ties with Syrian regime
o Bi-lateral Israel-Turkish relations est. 1949
o 1992 – expanded diplomatic relations
o Recent cooling of relations
Operation cast lead (2009)
Mavi Marmara (2010)
Gaza flotilla ship, violent seizure of ship, who provoked who?
o More tense b/n Israel & Turkey
o Close ties 1948-1979
o Nuclear threat & Israel’s red line?
- Arab League
o Est. 1945 o 22 members (Syria currently suspended)
o Doesn’t include non-arab (i.e. turkey, Iran)
o Resoultions adopted unanimously – binding for all memb