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lecture 4

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Political Science
POLI 354
Mark Brawley

Monday, September 17, 2012 POLI 354 Lecture 4 Institutionalism: Explaining Regime Persistence  Realist thinking said other regimes were going to fall apart in 1970s-80  Prediction: fall of BW followed by others  Institutionalists said realist prediction is wrong and wanted to explaining why regimes were going to last Origins of Institutionalism  Robert Keohane: coins complex interdependence: attack on realism; a lot of other actors not only states; more of a critique than actual solution or answer  Lisa Martin: how economic sanctions work and that it requires cooperation; emphasize on mixture of cooperation and competition Robert Keohane’s- After Hegemony  Trying to describe period of post-American hegemony  Framing question that allows him to come from the side  Not attacking where BW cam from; buy into argument that they were created by American power; arguing what is happening now  Talk about why some regime persist and others don’t  Talk of regimes as political institution  International regimes as institutions  Functionalist arguments: observe institutions to see functions and try to explain why they persist based on what they do; good at explaining current participation but don’t tell you the origins of them  Stress becomes: what is the function of the institutions; is it beneficial for population; no emphasis on power or coercion  The Coase Theorem: most international regimes are allowing states to deal with problems that are similar to market failures in absence of government The Coase Theorem 1. legal framework for establishing liabilities: institutions establish norms that dictate behavior 2. perfect information: most international institutions provide forum for sharing information in order to talk about it; better information than before 3. zero negotiating costs: IIs provide possibility of solving problems at lower costs Core Assumptions of Institutionalism  actors are self-interested, rational utility maximizers  international regimes can facilitate agreements  some of the actors’ goals are not zero-sum: they want more than power; not onl
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