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Lecture 11

Lecture 11- Genocide and Mass Atrocities

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 360
Julie Norman

Final Paper could be on Gendercide and other lesserknown forms of genocide QuestionsHow do we define genocideIs the legal definition too broad Too narrowHow is genocide different from mass killing ethnic cleansing and other crimes against humanity implications for policyactionDo states have a duty to intervene to halt or prevent genocideDefining Termsgenocideattempt to directly or indirectly eliminate a group of people Eubenfirst use of this word was only in 1940s by Limpkinthen used in the Nuremberg Trials as a prosecutable crimethen UN decided this was a word they need a definition and punishment forthe elimination element is the key in genocideethnic cleansingattempt to cleanse or purify a territory in one ehtnic groupby use of murder terror rape forced migration etc crimes against humanitywidespread systematic attacks against a civilian populationgenocide and ethnic cleaning are includedmurder deportation rape torture enslavement Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide 1951144 signatoriesa very high level of supportCanada signed and ratified right awayUSA signed not ratified until 1988 so not legally bound until thenProxmire Act 1988 that promised they would not be prosecuted for previous acts like civil rights issues legal definition Article 2Genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy in whole or in part a national ethnic racial or religious group as sucha killing members of the groupb causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the groupc deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in partd imposing measures intended to prevent births within the groupe forcibly transferring children of the group to another groupGenocide vs Ethnic Conflictif original intent is counterinsurgency it is genocidemens rea guilty mind of genocide like the international law equivalent of a hate crime proving the intent is the hardest part ie Cassese Mamdani crimes committed in Darfur incidental to military objective can nonstate actors ie rebels commit genocide the official definition doesnt state that it has to be state actorsSchabas genocide exclusively a state crime helps some get out of genocide charges later on When does ethnic
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