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POLI 364 - Lectures (Apr. 10th/12th)

3 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 364
William Clare Roberts

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April 10 Empire Not a parallel with autonomist periodization of the state. Rather, it is the assumption of the modern state's impossibility. The state aspires to be stabilization, a static condition. Different states have tried to achieve this through different techniques. Absolutist -> Sovereignty/Autonomy Liberal -> Legal order Welfarist -> Social Security These three forms of the state are not primarily historial periods for Tiqqun (they just happen to line up with periods of history.) However, a contradiction arises in the desire on the part of the state for stability, and their attempt to achieve this by mobilizing the masses. For Tiqqun, the state has never existed. The promise of the state was to produce an international order. The state is impossible because the foreign state is also present within the domestic state. Empire is the elevation of the techniques of control on the part of the state above the state itself. These techniques are no longer institutionalized, insofar as it does not confine itself to an institution such as the state. Their use is ubiquitous and borderless (ex. discipline.) Thus, with the dissolution of the state, the practises are the only way of achieving order. In other words, order must be produced super-nationally (as opposed to being produced nationally or internationally.) Biopower emphasizes the technique, not the individual who employs the technique. It observes the control “of the life process as a form of power.” With Empire/Biopolitical regimes, every death is a murder (as opposed
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