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Lecture 15

Lecture 15 - Feb.10th.pdf

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 451
Sven- Oliver Proksch

Midterm --> factual question, IDs, short essay question News Swiss referendum may jeopardize EU single market accord They want to limit the amount of immigrants in Switzerland Switz. is not part of the EU, but it has signed up to the single market EU relies on skilled workers coming from outside EU So if there are less immigrants in Switz. then it's going to change some of their agreements The Public and European Integration European integration began as elite-driven process Permissive consensus of European public in early days Public support Consultation with mass publics started in 1973 with the launch of Eurobarometer by Commission Increasing theoretical discussion in poli sci Eurobarometer Europe-wide opinion polls commissioned by the Commission Conducted every 6 months by private polling agencies in each member state Random sample of 1000 interviewees in each country TIme-series of support for or opposition towards further EU integration and specific policies Question: Generally speaking, do you think your country's membership of the EU is a good thing, a bad thing, neither good or bad, don't know Highest peak in Jan.'91 Lowest peak in Jul.'97 What the EU means to citizens The attitudes of European citizens towards the EU and its policies are now influenced by a range of economic and political factors "What does the EU mean to you personally" Explaining support for the EU National level differences Difficult to explain The real story may be at the individual level Individual level differences Why should ind. differ on opinion to EU? Econ. integration and more competition generates some winners and some loser, mobility in the EU creates opportunities for some but not others, etc. We can look at social groups and observe/analyze their support Students are the most pro-EU Professionals follow students in their pro-EU support Skilled workers are the least supportive of the EU Political differences Countries with high level of citizen trust in national govts are more pro-EU Countries with high satisfaction with national democracy are more pro-EU No relationship between length of membership and support No relationship between attachment to nation and support Economic differences Richer countries are slightly more pro-European Countries which are net exporters to the rest of the EU tend to
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