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Lecture 4

Lecture 4- Theoretical Approaches.pdf

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 451
Sven- Oliver Proksch

Intergovernmentalism Supranationalism and Institutionalism A ComparisonIntergovernmentalismSupranationalismInstitutionalismAre governments the onlyYESNONO important actorsUnintendedNONONOunderConsequencescomplete informationInstitutional Analysis of the EUThe study of institutional consequences is logically prior to the study of institutional choiceWhyCompare to intergovernmentalism and neofunctionalismsupranationalismintergovernmentalism cares about treatiesneofunctionalism cares about what happens in between the grand bargains institutions are created and will have impact of policy progress Rational Choice Institutionalismrationalitymaximizing the achievement of goals subject to institutional constraints and to what other actors are doing institutionsrules of the gameinfluence the strategies of actors equilibrium analysislooking for best choices given the choices of other actors no actor can unilaterally improve his or her actionFundamental Equation of Politicspreferences x institutionsoutcomesoutcomes change if preferences change with same institutionsoutcomes change if institutions change with same preferences Analyzing EU PoliticsWhat is the potential for policy change in the EU given its changing institutional frameworkWhat is the role of the bureaucracy and judiciary versus the legislature Revisiting the InstitutionsLeg procedures1 Ordinary legislative procedureapproval necessary from the Council and the Parl both are veto players2 Consultation procedureCouncil decides after consulting Parl only the Council is a veto playerCommission1 monopoly on drafting legislation and 2 bureaucracy charged with implementing some legCourt of Justiceinterprets the EU treaties primary law and EU leg secondary law in the arbitration of conflict among EU institutions or among these institutions member states and citizens How the Council Decidesunanimityall member states have to agreequalified majority until Nov 2014majority of member states74 of weighted votes reflectingat least 62 of EU populationdouble majority from Nov 201455 percent of member states reflectingat least 65 of EU populationModelling EU Politics at the centre of pol conflict is a conflict over outcomesassign the outcomes over dimensions on a line suppose the Council has seven members with preferences regarding the course of European integration assume each member state prefers outcomes close to its preferencesgridlock intervalif you have status quo policies in an interval you cannot change it Gridlock Interval and Policy DiscretionGarrett and Tsebelis 2001bureaucrats through implementations and judges through rulings can choose policies that cannot be changed by the legislature the amount of policy discretion is equal to the leg gridlock interval all the important steps to integration to
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