What is political culture: culture > collection of loosely connected ideas and practices among people representing their goals/attitudes/views/values, political culture: attitudes, behavior, values oriented towards: State trust in politicians, legitimacy of state/politicians, satisfaction in performance. People trust in people, association w/ others. How do we get it: family, school, society through primary political socialization, regime/political system, as a consequence of the ways in which people experience it secondary political socialization. Example: goldhagen study of roots of anti-semitism in germany: problems w/ this approach: Descriptive: odoes not set at roots or impact. Behavioral school: socialization matters, looks at social/political attitudes and behaviors of individuals, heavily based on surveys. Tautological: attitudes explain attitudes, no leverage to explain political attitudes, can"t quantify political culture. Western/us centric > maybe not as common in other places in the world. But > does try to make culture measurable , more general than national character . > measures more behaviors instead of just national pride.