POLI 211 Lecture Notes - Authoritarianism

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personal geography:
- personal anecdote about mumbai is chaining over time
- what its like to be an ex patriot and an international family
why democracy survives (very important):
- india is a different case than a lot of other colonies
- social revolution:
- after they got out of the period of being a british colony social aspects were
- abolishing the caste system
- people were more fairly represented and could be part of the political system
- trying to find a national identity
- there were already liberal institutions
- resembles american colonies, but elements of social revolutions
- but some elements missing in the explanation for social revolutions
- social revolutions characterized by:
- national/socialist elements
- not just egalitarian principles
- nationalization of means of production
- usually end in authoritarianism (due to there isn't always checks/balances in the
- social revolutions of russia, france, and china are examples
- principle-agent relationship
- problem when the principle is unable to align the agents interest with his
- solved through an intermediary (captain) who shares the interests of the
principle and agent (i.e. government of a colony, run by colonizer)
- colonizer = principle, colony = agent
- non violent revolution made it difficult for england to use violence to squash the
uprising of the revolutionary forces (liberal norms)
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