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February 13th, 2018
Lecture 10: Party Systems- NDP
●Voter’s Choices → Electoral Rules → Legislative Seats
Over what? Organized how?
↖ Political Parties↗
●Single party states are looked down upon
Political Parties: Key to democratic development
●Adam Przeworski: “Democracy is a system in which parties lose elections”
●Quality of a democracy is linked to the development of competitive party systems
●How do party systems chance?
○Change in electoral rules
○Change in underlying bases of party support
■Need to understand the voter
●Central questions for parties:
○What do we stand for?
○Do we want to win?
●Proportional systems increase the number of parties, non-proportional system do not
●Duopoly: two strong systems
●In Quebec Canada there is a key cleavage/divide (16:00)
●In Canada, there exists class politics. An upper class may vote differently from a middle
●In America race politics exists
●Tradeoff: “Do you want to win, or do you want to have a soul”
Theories about how voters make decisions
●Spatial Theory of Voting
○The person in the middle of the spectrum is the one candidates are most
○There is no incentive to deviate once the candidate is in the middle. Being in the
middle means that you have a 50/50 percent chance of winning. This is also a
theory not reality