POLI 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Adam Przeworski, Leader Of The House Of Commons, Pragmatism

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February 13th, 2018
Lecture 10: Party Systems- NDP
Introduction
Voter’s Choices → Electoral Rules → Legislative Seats
↓ ↓
Over what? Organized how?
Political Parties
Single party states are looked down upon
Political Parties: Key to democratic development
Adam Przeworski: “Democracy is a system in which parties lose elections”
Quality of a democracy is linked to the development of competitive party systems
How do party systems chance?
Change in electoral rules
Change in underlying bases of party support
Need to understand the voter
Cleavage structures
Central questions for parties:
What do we stand for?
Do we want to win?
Proportional systems increase the number of parties, non-proportional system do not
Duopoly: two strong systems
In Quebec Canada there is a key cleavage/divide (16:00)
In Canada, there exists class politics. An upper class may vote differently from a middle
class.
In America race politics exists
Tradeoff: “Do you want to win, or do you want to have a soul”
Theories about how voters make decisions
Spatial Theory of Voting
The person in the middle of the spectrum is the one candidates are most
concerned about
There is no incentive to deviate once the candidate is in the middle. Being in the
middle means that you have a 50/50 percent chance of winning. This is also a
theory not reality
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