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Lecture 12

POLI 212 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Corporatism, Protestantism, Consensus Democracy

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 212
Hudson Meadwell

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Lecture 12
He has a different purpose for classifying regimes.
He has a different understanding of “regime”.
He is not interested in a narrow political definition of a regime, rooted in political institutions
[party system, executive power, electoral rules …territorial distribution of power…]
His understanding of a regime is more social. He takes it for granted that the regimes of interest
to him meet the basic requirements of a liberal democracy (as outlined by Siaroff).
The regimes of interest to him respect basic political and civic rights, elections are competitive
and so on.
He is interested in what kinds of social rights various kinds of democratic regimes supply their
His question is: What are the political responses to the evolution of capitalism in mature
democracies. What sorts of welfare regimes emerged among these cases and what explains
variations across cases?
Put differently, how do welfare regimes protect individuals and families from the worst
consequences of capitalist markets?
Or, once again, to what extent do democratic political regimes free individuals and families from
dependence on the market?
What frees you from depending on the market in capitalist democracies: Welfare programs.
How then do welfare programs vary? He emphasizes three criteria by which to distinguish
welfare regimes:
Rules of access to welfare programs and restrictions on entitlements. The easier the access, the
fewer the restrictions, the longer the duration of the benefits, the less dependent you are on the
market. A social wage supplied by the regime has replaced or partially substituted for a market
Income replacement. If welfare benefits fall below normal wages or an accepted standard of
living, the more dependent on the market you remain. You will be forced back to work sooner
rather than later.
The range of entitlements. Basic social risks are covered by unemployment, disability, sickness
and old age programs. The more social risks covered, the less dependent you are on the market.
Then the question becomes: which cases have the strongest welfare regimes and why?
Moreover, cases cluster together. There are three basic types of welfare regimes identified. For
you: what are they and how and why do they differ?
L = political regimes reflect different qualities in societies
Majoritarian democracy refers to democracy based upon majority rule of a society's citizens.
Majoritarian democracy is the conventional form of democracy used as a political system in many
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