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Topic 7: Federalism – Creation and Evolution
The second pillar of our system of government.
Federalism: parliament was characterised by concentrated power, the
federal system represents divided power.
o Divided loyalties: two visions in constitutional amendment. Denied
validity of divided loyalties.
o Quebec: loyalty and attachment to Canada – inferior than their loyalty
to themselves. Weird that you need to have loyalty to either one or the
o Not letting constitutional powers – heart of federalism, the nature of
federalism is a divided community. We have divided loyalties and
they’re entirely legitimate.
What is federalism?
o Varieties of federalism, no ideal type.
Why did Canada adopt a federal system in 1867?
What was the nature of Canadian federal system in 1867?
How and why did the Canadian federal system change between 1867 and 1982?