Definition: To seek influence a politician or public official on an issue, derives from the practice of
frequenting the lobby of a house of legislature to influence its members into supporting a cause.
There is an aspect of inappropriateness to lobbying, people bribing politicians to pass legislature
favouring the organization/company they represent.
What determines success?
•You have to be there, developing relationships
•Develop a profile
•make yourself known to those creating policy
•Have mutual interest (park managers looking to spend money they already have)
•Providing useful information
•Demonstrating that there is an attentive or mobilized constituency
•support of the target or client group
•Timing (coincided with an interest by policy makers of doing something with the park)
•Capture theory: interest groups with resources will capture policy actors
◦Private, not public, interest
◦Don't represent “the grassroots”, but astroturf
•The sleaze factor
◦Either real or perceived conflicts of interest (between lobbyists and those that they lobby)
◦Friends doing favours for friends
◦Exchanging money for favours
They are about mobilizing a small, fake constituency. The community they represent is not as large as
they claim to be.
•Not all interests in society are represented in Parliament
◦Gregory Hein: Interest group litigation
▪Those who we deem to be less powerful have a way to intervene in parliament and be
heard, they can have a more important role in influencing policy. This could include
women, aboriginal people, lesbian, gay, transgendered. This is the argument that Gregory
Hein makes in his article.
•The public is served through sound policy development
◦Interest groups provide information
▪an example may be caping how much mercury can be emitted by coal burning facilities ...
policy makers have no clue, but lobbyists can provide them with information about what
amount would be appropriate or sufficient.
◦consultation with interest groups is required
▪in order to meet the larger public interest, it is required.
Lobbying Act 2008
•Manage the cons while not unduly hampering the ability of policy makers to consult
•Legal definitions: Communication with a public office holder by a paid individual on behalf of