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POLI 227 Lecture Notes - Corporatism

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

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Involvement of government in economy : GDP expands, larger share.
Why does government get involved in economy ?
1. generation of resources for state through taxation systems
2. development : late industrializers, state feels the need to play an imp
3. redistricting of income : taxation, social welfare
4. political tool : ability to extract resources and rewards those who support
it, and punish those who don't support it. e.g. land reform
5. role of government in redistributive spending
pol elites trying to hold on to power have 2 mechanisms to stay in
1. prevent emergence of threat (repression) : common in authoritarian
countries, powerful policy tool, expensive, can generate discontent
(Syria). Danger with repression, can encourage activism
2. build coalitions
Building blocks of coalition
1. democracies : need to appeal broadly
2. non democratic : powerful coalition
what hold pol coalitions together :
1. ideas
2. resources : promise of material benefit
support bases of political parties can be broad (US) or narrow (Israel)
nature of politics underlined by cleavages in society and political system
e.g. electoral system design
civil society : networks of autonomous association that lie between
family and state
hybrid regimes
1. mechanism does not primarily determine results
2. manipulation, designs, fraud, coercion, state patronage, control over
media, elections don't matter cuz real pol power lies somewhere
one party dictatorships
1. e.g. North Korea
2. narrow political elite
formal groups lack organization in developing countries : lack resources,
divided by social cleavages, elite groups in practice better
state bureaucracy as an interest group :
pluralist conception : state as a boxing arena in which social groups
compete to influence policies
corporatist vision : state playing an active organizing role in shaping and
enabling , blocking groups in articulating their interests
informal groups may be more imp than formally organized ones in
developing groups
1. horizontal groups : same social positions, may cooperate in pursuit of
common interests
2. communal groups : may have a degree of cohesion, may act to
corporately in pursuit of interests
3. vertical groups : patron client relations, networks of patron and client,
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