5% of world"s pop is indigenous, 15% of world"s poor are indigenous. Concentration of wealth and power (often related to land tenure patterns former land owners become industrialists) Subordinate position for former colonies in international system colonies are dependent on primary product exports (ability to create high value jobs, maintain economic stability, etc) Colonial experience affects the way states and societies are related, affects inter state relations. Post world war 2 principle of non-intervention and the end of colonialism cold war"s zero-sum game. Economic relations around the world (when one countries econ slows, affects everyone) We are aware of eachother now more than ever(ex global news) Greater appreciation for human rights (positive side) Rise of brics (brazil, russia, india, china, south africa) G-20 (includes brics and others); beginnings of democratization of development assistance. Climate accords; sdg"s (sus dev goals) both dealt in dif ways to make them more inclusive.