POLI 227 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Human Rights Watch, Neocolonialism, Cultural Genocide

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The importance of colonialism for the politics of the developing world. The importance of sovereignty in the international system. Variation (nature of pre-colonial society, patterns of colonization, including different colonizers ) Latin america: the conquest largely complete within 30 to 70 years. Aztecs: 95% decline in population by 1605 (24 million people) Incas: at least a 50% decline in population within 40 years. Slave trade compensates- so bad, labor had to be imported. Disruption of social network and destruction of symbols and religion. Spanish and portuguese were deliberately destroying the symbols of the previous lifestyles and religion in order to impose their own power. Sketchier data, one conservative estimate is that 16,255,000 africans died as the result of colonial conquest. Millions who suffered consequences of slave trade. Colonizers went after the weakest/newest tradition and molded it to their own interests. The tradition essentially lost its meaning- the traditions that survived, did because of their strong roots.

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