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Lecture

POLI 243 Lecture Notes - Complex Interdependence, Nationstates, Cuban Missile Crisis


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 243
Professor
Mark Brawley

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IMPORTANT IR THEORISTS
THEIR MAIN POINTS
Morgenthau
One of the founding fathers of
20th century realism
Nation-states are the main actors
in IR
Main concern is the study of pwr
Emphasized importance of nat’l
interest
Classical realist (not like Waltz)
Theory included moral
considerations
Niebuhr
Theologian and ethicist as well as
IR theory
Moral/Christian considerations
Contributed the idea of the “just
war”
Primary advocate of “Christian
Realism”
Struggled w/ moral issues of war
and pwr
Challenged the core assumptions
of idealism man is, in fact,
inherently evil
Waltz
One of the founders of neorealism
(STRUCTURAL REALISM)
response to weaknesses of
classical realism; a general theory
(not intended to explain specific
actions of states)
Divided causes of war into 3
levels of analysis:
1. War is caused by the
nature of state leaders
(more generally, by human
nature)
2. War is caused by the
domestic makeup of states
3. THE ANARCHIC
STRUCTURE OF THE
INTERNAT’L SYSTEM IS
THE ROOT CAUSE OF WAR
(no body is sovereign at
the internat’l level to
govern relations btwn
autonomous states)
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