PSYC 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Postpartum Depression, Self-Harm, Personality Disorder

141 views4 pages
PSYC100 LECTURE 26 (Thursday, 29th November)
Psychological Disorders
INTRODUCTION
- Mental problems are not straightforward as medical problems
- Ex: if leg is broken, there isn’t much dispute about it, can be easily treated
- Mental disorders show a failure of adapting to the environment
- Somehow you and world surrounding aren’t very well in sync
- Most humans in pubescent stage experience this – felt out of place
- But if adult has the same symptoms, there is a mental disorder
Defining mental disorder:
- Perhaps your sufferance can be low – ex: if someone is especially violent but enjoys that and has
no regret- do we treat it?
- Is it harmful to society? Ex: in a fascist regime, you rebelling against fascism means you are
crazy so they treat you for that
- But if you look at this from the outside perspective – causing harm to others is actually highly
adaptive because that society itself was sick
- Observe idea of harmful dysfunction:
Ø A disorder exists when failure of a person’s internal mechanisms to perform their functions
as designed by nature impinges harm on persons well being as defined by social values and
meanings
Ø Leaves room for culture defining what is a disorder
- Mothers who experience post partum depression aren’t expressing a disorder
- Problem is where do we define that this is a sickness and needs treatment?
Historic views:
- People who expressed odd behaviours are demonically possessed:
Ø Catholic churches actually have a full ritual
Ø Voodoo culture believes lot of things we find psychotic are normal
- Medical model for perception of mental illness:
Ø Still quite prominent in certain field of psychology
Ø Actually physical disorder in brain and that needs to be fixed for mental disorder to be
cured
Ø We do that for anxiety: young people who deal lots of stress are on anxiety medication
(cause of anxiety is organic – pill doesn’t always heel problem)
Ø Mental problem causes brain to be different – reverse causation
Ø Institutionalisation movement: people who were considered mentally ill were sent to
asylum
Ø Strong stigma associated with the asylum – like you lost citizenship rights
- New developments:
Ø Quebec example: Lot of homeless people are mentally ill
Ø Large population that is urgently in need of treatment who are ending up homeless now
(they are drinking all the time as self medication – if their mind is going haywire alcohol is
a depressant so calms it down)
- Cultural Difference:
Ø Koro (Asian countries): condition where men with this condition are falsely believing their
penis and testes are disappearing and receded into their abdomen
Ø Korea example: people feel ashamed when others are embarrassed
Ø Bulimia
Ø Depression: not found in certain cultures, ex: Navajo
Criterion used to determine mental illness:
- Deviance:
Ø Thoughts and feelings are out of line that the societal norm
Ø Deviating from the norm
- Distress:
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.