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McGill University
PSYC 215
Donald Taylor

PSYCH 215 Lecture Dec 6 Final Exam Chapters  2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 8, 10, 11  Module A  120 questions  3 hours Intergroup Relations  Newest topic in social psychology  Over the last 15 years has emerged into a central topic Ethnic Conflict  National identity: irrational and easily changed o One country wants your oil  Religious identity: the heart and minds of people o Beliefs  Racial identity: categorization based on physical appearance and other biological characteristics o Appearance  Cultural Identity: learned patterns of thinking and behavior, a moving target  Ethnic Identity: biological roots, common history, natural enemies, homeland o Most frightening and difficult to resolve, involve genocide  Can change everything expect for ethnic group, it has biological roots- so those kinds of conflicts are severe and hard to resolve, how do you beat? Can force others to have your beliefs and oil, but ethnic you must get rid of them- kill them, target women and children Four Stages in Sherif Experiments  As dramatic as Milgram and Zimbargo’s experiments  Sherif- social psychologists didn’t know what chapter to put it in; attitudes, prejudice  Hard to follow  No one knew what to do with it  A bunch of 11 year old boys going to summer camp, in experiment, camp was in Oklahoma boys get off yellow busses, cabins and dining halls, they allowed kids to sort themselves out for a couple of days, forming natural friendships under no pressure  Divided camp into 3 groups  All cabins over here, and other group cabins over there  Only criteria to place in certain groups- 2 thirds of friends must be in other group  Root of conflict is about 2 friendship groups that form tight family  Group formation- these two groups never see each other  Spend all day doing group based team building activities  Groups ate at staggered times, activities- no contact  Changed camp structures- all day long 2 groups competed with each other, soccer games, this group against that group  First night they eat together for first time, to surprise of social psychologists, the groups naturally separated and the minute food provided they started throwing food at each other  All night they were raiding each other and cabins- open warfare among two groups of 11 year olds  Quicker than they would have ever wished, introduced steps to turn the conflict into peaceful co-existence and intergroup co-operation  What’s driving the conflict is not indoctrinating with attitudes, its structuring situation so 2 groups are competing  Structure is key- he thought it would take weeks to get minor conflict, took only 1 day  Used same hypothesis to change situation- super-ordinate goals, they restructured the camp- not just activities forming competition, now forces co-operation  EX. Day after food fight, announced all camp picnic, truck is loaded with food, and truck goes down the road, boys follow, each group on either side shouting- counselors down the middle  When truck driver goes down the hill- he steps on the break and the truck can’t make it up (joke), so each group tries to push it up, won’t move- counselors say why don’t we do it together? Driver takes foot off break, truck goes over  Super-ordinate goals- two groups co-operating to get job done, before long groups got alone  Demonstrate how easy it is to get groups to engage with conflict with one another, label it realistic conflict theory- its real, conflict for scarce resources, power and status, no psychology in this- only when conflict gets going, negative attitudes and attributions towards each other- not cause, after math  Root cause is structural, after math is psychological- solution is structural  THAT’S WHY- no follow ups, no psychology at heart of it Issues for Realistic Conflict Theory  Superordinate goals: Britain, groups fighting, government is in trouble- the Falkland islands are threatening us, off the coast of Argentina, hiding missals
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