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chap2 summary.pdf

8 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 215
Michael Sullivan

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Ch 2 Doing Social Psychology ResearchWhy you should learn about research methodsSeparating myths from truths can be difficultie common sense and intuition can often be very inaccurate Learning about the evidence on which the true research findings and theories are based should help you distinguish the correct from the plausible but incorrect answers Training in research methods in psyc can improve your reasoning about real life events Lehman et al 1988 Developing ideas beginning of the research processHypothesis an explicit testable prediction about the conditions under which an event will occuro Eg Teenage boys are more likely to be aggressive towards others after playing violent video games for one houro Allows us to move from the realm of common sense to the rigors of the scientific method Theory organized set of principles used to explain observed phenomena usually evaluated in terms of three criteria o Simplicity comprehensiveness and their ability to generate new hypotheseso The best theories are precise encompass all relevant information and lead to new hypotheses research and better understandingo Daryl Bem 1967 72 selfperception theoryWhen peoples internal states feelings or attitudes are difficult to interpret they often infer this inner attitude by referring to their behaviour in the situation Basic research designed to increase the understanding of human behaviour often by testing hypotheses based on a theory
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