PSYC 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Fundamental Attribution Error, Sick Role, Method Acting

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16 Feb 2016
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Lecture 20 Roles and the Creation of Social Reality
Examples
Symphony orchestra
Football team
Restaurant team
Wedding ceremony
Analyzing social life as a drama
you have roles to play
you are expected to act the role and give certain realities into it
Roles and the Creation of Social Reality
Role: a set of behaviours expected of someone in a particular position in a social system
oE.g., occupational roles
oE.g., family roles
oE.g., roles in typical interactions
ocustomer should have money
ocops - good cop and bad cop
opatient and doctor - patient would take cloths off
osick - people expect a sick person to do some things
people might become used to the sick role (benefits)
oE.g., gender roles
ochanged but still defines how we interact
Role conflict: when the expectations of two roles one has require incompatible
behaviours
obusiness + family
Role distance: experiencing and communicating that one’s role is not a reflection of one’s
true self
oe.g. person in the army might be promoted but the person has been hanging out
with this friends, now all his friends need to salute him
owe’re just playing this out, we’re still the same buddies
Role identification: experiencing a role as a reflection of one’s true self
oRelated to “method acting”?
othe person tries to identity with the role, taking on the role, not so planned
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