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jan 31 2012- psych 215.docx

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McGill University
PSYC 215
Michael Sullivan

st Tuesday, January 31 , 2012 Making Choices The idea whether choices are made freely or not is not something social psychologists often discuss. Choices We all have to make decisions. Pros/Cons One possibility in decision-making is to add up the pros and cons and see what wins; this is not always what happens. Next Slide What was going through his mind when he landed the plane? Next Slide It was only after she was caught that the significance of her actions began to dawn on her. This highlights that sometimes with the decisions we make, not every piece of information relevant is something that is on our minds when we make the decision. Next Slide Going from a platonic relationship to something else, your behaviour changes. MOVIE In species that require a lot of paternal input into parenting, females find a monogamous partner. When this is not the case, females tend to pick the alpha male in a non-exclusive relationship. Demonstration: set up a situation where human beings behave in a way that evolutionary psychologists would think that you would behave. Evolutionary psychologists say that the decision to have kids is predetermined; it is not free will. If you were to leave it to chance, the human species would not survive. Error Management Theory What you want to do is minimize costly errors, which differ between men and women. The Most Costly Error You need time and resources from a male in order to maximize the chance of survival of a baby. Going back to the pictures of kissing or not, women would tend to not kiss; they don’t want to make an error where the male is not willing to invest time and resources into the relationship. In a hierarchical system, it is only certain males that will have the chance to reproduce. For males that are not at the top, they must take every chance that they can to reproduce. Free Will If evolutionary psychologists say that when it comes to mating strategies, humans behave like other monogamous species, “free will” in these situations is an illusion. Behaviour is in our genes. Once you identify causes in behaviour, there is no free will in behaviour. Free Will Challenged This might be because you no longer feel accountable for your actions. The lack of accountability tends to
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