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Child Development 6

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PSYC 304
Bernstein& Ashbaugh

Sept 22 - online is your participation grade for the course - there will be some discussion topics to get started, and you'll be graded on how often you post. if you post at least 8 constructive times, then you should get full credit. Prenatal Development, Birth and Newborns' Readiness for Life - third trimester: finishing phase - they begin to show preferences just shortly after birth - first stage of labor: begins when contractions are spaced 10-15min; ends when cervix is fully dilated - they start out pain-free, but they end up lasting a minute and happening every thirty seconds - this is an incredibly painful process - second stage of labor (delivery): begins when fetus' head passes through cervix & ends when the baby has emerged - third stage of labor (afterbirth): placenta is expelled - use of medication: pros and cons - takes away some of the pain - could calm the mother - if a woman is too exhausted from the pain, then she might not be able to push - if she's disconnected from her pain, she might not notice complications with the pregnancy - she might push less effectively - it could make the baby more lethargic, especially if it's done improperly - you can birth a baby in water - Apgar test: 5 characteristics, rated from 0-2 (heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, color, reflex irritability) - then it's repeated 5 min later - 7+ is good, 4- is not - very crude way to see if medical attention is required - neonatal behavioural assessment scale - this is a more subtle measure: if reflexes/responses are sluggish or absent, then there may be a neurological problem - this is administered a few days after birth - the mother's experience (emotional bonding, postpartum depression) - the father's experience (engrossment) - adoptive children can develop good relationships with their parents, so it's not as if you /have/ to be there at birth for emotional bonds - postpartum depression: you have unrealistic expectations, you're stuck at home, you feel isolated, you feel guilty that you're sad when you have a new baby - anoxia > oxygen deprivation - rh- mom exposed to the rh+ blood of her baby, she'll
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