Class Notes (839,475)
Canada (511,349)
Psychology (3,335)
PSYC 331 (96)
Lecture 12

LECTURE 12.docx

6 Pages
74 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 331
Professor
Donald Taylor

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Description
LECTURE 12 ELITE THEORY th February 13 , 2013 ELITE THEORY Pareto (1935) and Mosca (1939)  Elites and non-elites divide societies o Elites: People with the highest indices in their branch of activity  Governing elites rule society  In social change, one elite is replaced by another (social inequality is constant)  Where the elite is open, circulation is in terms of individuals  Where closed, circulation is in terms of groups o i.e. Talented members of the non-elite will form counterelites and mobilize the non-elite Researching Elite Theory  A dynamic theory o The focus is on change  Large groups, macro changes, over time  Influential in sociology, political science  Maps on to laypeople’s view  Social determinism o Why should the social structure be invariably unequal?  Who are the elite? o Definitional issues  General qualms o Are the middle classes counterelites? o How to account for the survival of the caste system?  We cannot predict which group you will compare yourself with  Kind of theory that none of us want to admit that it makes a lot of sense  It says that you take any group of people and you will for sure see the development of a hierarchy o There would be a small group that will become the elite, the leaders  You have a vertical structure of group o That is the natural thing that humans do  According to elite theory, if a subgroup do a revolution, there is just new people on top but the structure is still the same o It gives the impression that group dynamics are evolving but in fact there is great power in the elite  The ideal of an equalitarian society is non sense SOCIAL DOMINANCE THEORY  In ALL societies, there is a group-based hierarchy  3 bases of hierarchy o Age o Gender o Arbitrary  Legitimizing myths o The group high on the hierarchy try to legitimize why people are lower o Poor people are nice but not so good at getting ahead  No wonder why women should stay at home and take care of the kids o It points out that the hierarchy is there to legitimize people differences FIVE STAGE MODEL  A sequence of stages  We will try to have the theories reflect historical perspective  Extract from a particular conflict and find the principles of the behavior  Every single group goes through this and do NOT skip stages Group stratification  The theory says that most conflicts involve groups of unequal power  He believes that it is possible to have groups of relative power existing o But there would always be groups that will have more power than others o Because we need to categorize the world around us Taylor & McKirnan  Five sequential developmental stages to the cycle of intergroup relations  Historical perspective o Intergroup relations change qualitatively over time  Type of intergroup relations is a function of social comparison and attributional processes  Key processes of social change: disadvantaged groups who find their individual mobility blocked initiate intergroup action  Focus on psychological processes, social comparison and attribution STAGE 1: Clearly stratified Intergroup Relations  Groups are stratified on the basis of ascribed characteristics  No mobility between groups o Only intragroup comparisons are legitimate o Perceived dissimilarity between high and low status group o Low status group members take relationship between group membership and
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit