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Lecture 6

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PSYC 332
Richard Koestner

Lecture 6: 2013/01/24 Questions of the day: 1) What do we learn about person from the stories they tell? 2) What are the most important features of life stories? The three levels of personality - Traits  The big 5 traits: comparative, superficial, coding - Characteristic adaptions  Variable, changeable, more specific in certain times in life - Life Narrative  Insight how they think of themselves, how they make sense of everything that happens to them - “Personality is the study of the whole person.”  You need level 3 to understand whole person  Impossible to integrate all the varies aspects of personality and only way is with Life Narrative  Narrative frame work is flexible enough to provide integration  Also interested in understanding others as unique person. The big 5 traits do not allow to understand others as unique individual. Even level 2 cannot pin down people’s uniqueness. But once we understand life story, quite likely that is unique A family trip to Niagara Falls - Prof’s first trip to Canada - Prof’s brother stayed in the car while family went into museum because he lowered back seat window - Prof didn’t really like traveling with parents because his mother refused to stop for food - Always motels without pools - But this time the hotel had a pool, made the new friends nd - On 2 day, in the pool with bowl shape where the center is the deepest, his sister 빠짐. The boy who just met could swim and helped prof’s sister - There is pattern for the way individuals tell a story or what kind of story they choose to tell Key Features of the story - McAdams say that a lot of our material in the stories come from during our 20s - Narrative tone  Optimistic or pessimistic  Most stable part of the life stories. And has to do with early attachment experience. Close, warm, and safety relationship with parents = optimistic. - Ideological setting  Beliefs and ideology that present in setting  Both prof’s story and the movie have post-war, destroyed, refugee and poverty situation - Imagery  Recurrent patterns of sights and sounds in narrative - Themes - Characters - Key scenes  Climax, where dramatic things happen - Ending  Many people imply ending even there is no ending yet - McAdams suggest that making life story in this way, narrative way, is modern phenomenon and western phenomenon. Also it is developmental, we begin to do it in our teen age years McAdams Life story model of identity 1) The person defines herself by constructing an autobiographical story of the self 2) Value of autobiography provides unity and purpose of life  Narrative fame work is only one that flexible enough to account for diversity in characteristics and experiences 3) Facts are not as important as the meaning  We pick and choose (self-defining memory)  Note McAdams preemie birth example  We may slant story to serve our need 4) The content of stor
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