Lecture 12: 2013/02/14
Questions of the day:
1) How does shyness differ from introversion and social anxiety?
2) How does shyness change across development?
3) What are the benefits of being shy?
4) How can one overcome one’s shyness to achieve valuable goals?
Recent perspectives on shyness
- Cover stories about shyness
- Susan Cain who is lawyer highlight the fact Western society generally is not welcoming shyness
- She had really difficult time because law profession requires something opposite to shyness
- Introversion and extroversion are very salient and most research are among the big 5 traits
- Highlight not only we are willing to accept shyness, there are a lot of positive adaptive qualities seem
to be associated with shyness
More introversion you are, more adaptive to school environment, better decision maker
- Conclusion, at a minimum, we should need both extroverts and introverts in working place, school, etc.
- Extroversion is so idealized in our society so that shyness is not accepted
Introversion and shyness scales
- Shyness is the subset of introversion. Subset of shyness is socially anxious
- The difference with shyness is all the items involved in how you feel around people, meeting new
people (inhibited, anxious)
- Social anxiety (social phobia)
people do not want to talk on the telephone in public
Do not want eat in public area
Do not want call someone who don’t know very weel
Speaking up at a meeting
Also inhibited and anxiety but anxiety is more intense in social phobia
Main difference between shyness and social anxiety is that social anxiety interfering your daily
task Making the distinction
- By some estimates, 30% of all people fall on the introverts end of the temperament spectrum – but it
takes some explaining to understand just what label means. For one thing, introverted does not have to
mean shy, though there is overlap. Shyness is a form of anxiety characterized by inhibited behavior. It
also implies a fear of social judgment that can be crippling. Shy people actively seek to avoid social
situations, even ones they might want to take part in, because they may be inhibited by fear. Introverts
shun social situations because they simply want to be alone
An unfairly negative view of shyness ?
- Our culture expects people to be outgoing and sociable. It’s the unstated norm, and against that norm
introverts stand out as seemingly problematic
- Susan Cain talk about how world become more oriented toward extroverts
They put kids into groups and work/study as a group
This is just oriented toward entirely for extroverts
75% of work places, offices are set up as open environment. It really puts the emphasize the face
to face contact with other people
Brian Little Discussing Extraversion and Introversion
- Highlights that extroverts are more likely to be in trouble
- Introverts are better at their academics EXCEPT during kindergarten
Extroverts need engagement (actively involved in learning processes)
Introverts need clarity, order, structural
- Extroverts easily get bored if they are not actively involved in learning processes
- This boringness transform to negative way of “I am stupid”
- If you are introverts, school is structured orderly. You do homework, can ace it.
- If you are extroverts, social aspect of school is the thing you have advantages
- Is this professor introverted or extraverted?
Very extraverted as he acts but he says he’s introvert
Correlates of Introversion
- Talk less when they meet someone new, Less eye contact when interacting, Less firm handshake,
Study in scheduled places, Prefer solitary pursuits, Narrow friendship network, Less likely to emerge
- Listen more, Deliberation helps them make smart decisions, Excel at solitary work, Can be highly
effective leaders with proactive groups
- Research on how we develop expertise one activity that associated with developing expertise is capacity of doing deliberate practice
(structural, goal-oriented tasks that improve your skills)
Most of deliberate work is done alone (self-regulation)
Jerome Kagan’s Inhibited-Shy Child
- Behavioral inhibition
Marked timidity in the face of new events & people