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Lecture 2

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 332
Professor
Richard Koestner
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 2: 2013/01/10 The Big 5 Traits Question of the day: HOW CAN WE DESCRIBE AN INDIVIDUAL’S PERSONALITY? - There are three distinctive levels of personality st - The big 5 traits are the 1 level, and you first thing you notice about people, very important, useful and predicts a lot of behavior - 2 other levels are less commonly discussed and studied Film clip on Office: How would you describe Pam’s and Jim’s personality? - Some of the traits cannot describe personality from limited time  Pam: soft-spoken, optimistic, gentle, likeable, shy, calm, good-natured - We can quickly make some personality judgment well - 18,000 traits in English dictionary, only 4,000-5,000 describes stable personality. If you further reduce them by grouping. Only 180 unique personalities left. However, still too many of them. Factor analysis allows you identify clusters of traits that seem to go together but they cohere. Group the traits that are similar or opposite. You can boil down 180 adjectives into smaller limited number of clusters, 5 clusters. However, clusters must be relatively independent from each other. These 5 are the things that capture variability of differences in the group. Formal definition of traits - Dimensions of individual differences in tendencies to show consistent patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions - Dimensions: these are comparative; you can identify difference in individuals. Rank order people - Tendencies: It’s a disposition, it’s not automatic someone who is extroverted will be outgoing in every situation, but most of the time they will behave in a certain way - Consistence: referring to things that should be fairly evident across situations and overtime - Patterns: trait dimensions are rather broad and general, you will find out later that that’s a problem The Big Five Trait Taxonomy - Extraversion: tendency to be outgoing, sociable and assertive  Most of us think of terms in people who are people-oreinted but there is more to it. There is also an energetic active assertive aspect that goes along with that  People-person - Neuroticism: tendency to experience negative emotions  How reactive you are emotionally  Anxious, worrying, moody Calm, stable, relaxed - Openness to Experience: tendency to be receptive to new ideas, approaches and experiences  Curious, creative, complex routine, solid, afraid of changes  Seems to be associated with intelligence and education. (More education, more openness) - Agreeableness: tendency to have concern for others, to have warm and trusting and sentiments (Humanness)  Good natured, sympathetic quarrelsome, cold, prickly  Pam is high on this  People might think agreeable people avoid conflict, follow what others tell you to do. This’s part of true. But agreeableness is about humanness.  Person-person relationship - Conscientiousness: tendency toward organization, persistence and motivation in goal- directed behavior  Set goals, careful, reliable, well-organized careless, forgetful, disorganized - All of these traits whether high end or low end, have some functional adaptive values. - Pam on the Big 5 traits  Low Extroversion  Low neuroticism  Super high
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