Lecture 3: 2013/01/15
Question of the day: How useful are the Big 5 traits in predicting important life
outcomes, in fostering the scientific study of personality, and in your own everyday life?
- There is another way of organizing personality trait description.
- Researcher argue that there is 2 main way of interacting with world
Systematizing (logical, analyzing) vs Empathizing
Autistic children are systematizing
- However, the big 5 is the one that we have to learn and helpful
Who is most extreme on each of the Big 5 traits? (Big Bang Theory)
- Extroversion/Introversion (Howard)
- Neuroticism/ Stability (Howard, Rosh/ Leonard)
- Openness/ Rigidity (ALL except Sheldon)
- Agreeableness/ Quarrelsome (Leonard)
- Conscientiousness/ Careless (Penny; careless)
McAdam’s quote aboutAgreeableness (p.193)
- Agreeable people are more than nice. Agreeableness incorporates expressive qualities
of live and empathy, friendliness, cooperation and care. Indeed, the term agreeable
may be a bit too meek for the A domain in traits, a domain that includes such
concepts as altruism, affection and many of the most admirably humane aspects of
the human personality
- Nice to be around / likeable
Aren’t the Big 5 traits too broad?
- These are so broad so that it does not allow you to be precise enough to get the
variance in people’s behavior
- Imagine you are a counseling or clinical student who just interviewed a new client
and you were asked to report on their personality One might say “He is neurotic and not at all extroverted”
This is too broad and simple. Can you be specific?
Neurotic can imply a lot of things; depressed, anxious, angry, and impulsive?
In order to help the patient, neurotic may not be sufficient detail
For extroversion, it is really important to distinguish between social ability and
- Researchers have been trying to be more precise and they identified 6 facets for each
of the Big 5.
- You can be more precise and uses facets. However, most researchers don’t actually
use the facets. If you have Big 5 traits and 6 facets with in each dimension, it means
we have to use 30 different categories. This is way too much.
- Prof recommends use Big 5 traits and use 2 of the Big 5 and divide further
- First 4 facets of N: Internalizing tendencies, feel bad about themselves. Internalizing
disorder (Anxious depressed)
- Last 2 facets of N: Externalizing tendencies (Impulsive-Angry)
- First 3 facets of E: Being a people person (Social vitality)
- Last 3 facets of E: Having energy, vitality and assertiveness (Social dominance)
What can the Big 5 predict?
- Daily emotions
Strong relationship between Big 5 traits
Breaks down into pleasant/unpleasant emotions that correspond to
negative/positive affect At any given moment, you are experience either positive or negative affect rather
than combination of both. However, over time, it turns out that positive and
negative affect are independent
Extroversion is highly related to positive affect but does not relate to have less
Neuroticism is strong related to negative affect but does not relate to have less
- School and work
- Marital outcomes
- Social patterns
The Big Personality dimensions and Job performance: AMeta-Analysis
- Many companies are interested in hiring psychologist to assess personality
- 150 studies examined the validity of personality measures for personnel selection
purposes between 1950-1990 (Personality relate to job outcome)
- Studies used a diverse and confusing array of scales
Hard to make sense of overall pattern of finding
- In 1980s, The Big 5 established and results could be reorganized by adopting the Big
1. Occupational Group
Professionals (engineers, doctors ,lawyers, teachers)
Skilled/ Semi-skilled (clerical, assemblers, operators, driver)
2. Outcome Criteria
Objective outcomes (tenure, promotion, sala