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Lecture 20

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PSYC 332
Richard Koestner

Lecture 2 January 10, 2013 st The 1  thing to Learn about Personality: The Big 5 Traits Three Big Questions in this Course • What is the most useful and economical way to organize our personality judgments? • How much do people change in their personality? • How does personality affect what happens in our life? o Relationships o Occupational success o Happiness Question of the Day • How can we (start to) describe an individual’s personality? Film Clip from the Office • How would you describe Pam’s personality? o Tries to portray a positive attitude even though she doesn’t feel that way o She is not quarrelsome o She is calm, likeable, shy, good-natured, and calm, spontaneous • How would you describe Jim’s personality? o High on extravertedness, high on agreeableness There are 18,000 traits in the English dictionary that describe other people • Only about 4,000-5000 describe stable personality traits • Can be reduced when you look for synonyms and antonyms o E.g. likeable, goodnatured, gentle all practically mean the same thing • Can come up with about 180 unique personality attributions that are captured by adjectives, however this is still too many still o Factor analysis  Have everyone in class divide self into 180 adjectives  Then factor our which ones group together on the same dimension • Can group together because they are similar or they are opposites  Can boil own 180 adjectives into a smaller limited number of clusters • Research has shown that you can boil all those terms into 5 basic dimensions Formal Definitions of Traits • Traits: Dimensions of individual differences in tendencies to show consistent patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions o Best way of capturing differences of groups but also have descriptions that are independent of the others o Consistency is very important The Big Five Trait Taxonomy • Extraversion: tendency to be outgoing, sociable and assertive o Opposite: introversion • Neuroticism: tendency to experience negative emotions • Openness to Experience: tendency to b receptive to new ideas, approaches and experiencesjj o The higher your IQ, the higher your score on openness to experience, etc • Agreeableness: tendency to have concern for others, to have warm and trusting and sentiments o would be like • Conscientiousness: tendency toward organization, persistence and motivation in goal-directed behavior • Mnemomic: OCEAN, prof believes it should be ENOAC If you use the big 5, you can easily set those 20 random traits to a person. Cultural also has a role on the traits e.g. in Japan, you are expected to be introverted but in the states, you are expected to be extrpverted Pam on the Big 5 Traits • Low extroversion • Low neuroticism • Super high agreeableness • Moderate open to experience • Moderate high conscientiousness How are the Big 5 traits assessed> • Not in handwriting • Online test that Koestner tried o By William Revelle, prof from north western 1) Neuroticism 2) Extravertism 3) Openness to experience 4) Agreeableness 5) Conscientiousness When designing a questionnaire, you should have a balance where
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