PSYC 332 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Panic Disorder, Conscientiousness, Dysthymia

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20 Jul 2016
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The “Common Mental Disorders” and the Big 5
Traits: 19:31
Common medical disorders and their overlap with the big 5 traits.
Article- used the big 5 to understand his clients, systematically collected
data and wrote an interested article in American psychologists journal.
-Talk about stigma around mental illness.
McGill online resources- links you with amiquebec- organization helps you
understand what to do with mental illness.
McGill nightline service- referral and listening service.
“Linking Big Five personality Traits to Anxiety, Depressive, and Substance
Use Disorders.”.-2010 Kotov et al.
-Quantitative meta-analysis from 2010 that reviewed under 75 studies
where it was possible to link the big 5 traits with various kinds of
psychological disorders.
“The Psychotherapeutic Utility of the Five Factor Model of Personality: A
Clinician’s Perspective.”.-1991, Miller, T.R.
National Mental Health Day- Jan 27th 2016:
Clara Hughes “Let’s Talk”- Olympian, won like 7 Olympic metals.
Reducing Stigma: 2015 Campaign:
Effective.- 3 times you see what may be the typical/standard way of
responding and then you see the alternative.
Sympathetic to the idea hat we should be thoughtful about the language we
use around mental illness but do not know exactly what to say.
Ex. Of showing people they can intervene and try doing something different.
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Useful.
Clara’s Smiles:
Spokes people who go do interviews on talk shows, news shows, sports
radio- some athlete talks about these issues.
Athlete most associated with it is Clara Hughes.
She also comes across as a remarkable person, very empathic and positive.-
on Google you always find her smiling.
The reason clara is involved with this effort- she suffered from depression,
after she won her first Olympic metals.
Happens with some frequency, you would be surprised.
She is a good spokesperson, she is the last person you might think would
suffer from depression.
Clara Hughes Story:
-Interview with George Stroumboulopous.
2011.- when she first came out and spoke about how she suffered from
depression, 2 years where she could not train, slept and cried a lot, could
not come out of her house.
Eventually, when she went for a physical exam, she revealed she was
struggling and began counselling and starting feeling better, and she talks at
length, what it is like to be depressed, the lack of interest, the dark cloud
that was over her, feeling like you are not yourself.
She recovered, but she knows it can happen again, it haunts her.
Joined this campaign because she knows depression is common and anxiety
and substance abuse, it is important that people acknowledge in themselves
and others when there is problems, and to seek help.
Relapse prevention.
She has an ideal personality profile- seems energetic, enthusiastic, open to
talking about her feelings, empathetic, warm. Incredibly conscientious to do
that kind of training she did- takes incredible levels of focus, goal-
orientation, self-control.
Age of 20- diagnosed with depression- Went to counselling.
Rates of depression are increasing in recent years- people get struck with it
at earlier ages- she was 22 when she got diagnosed –mean age when people
have there first depressive episode, it used to be at 32.
The course of depression- it is treatable, sometimes revolves on its own, but
more quickly when people get treatment- effective psychotherapy and
medication- evidence that when you combine it is best.
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They think people treat it when they come for help but once you have a
depressive episode you are at higher risk of another one so you must focus
on relapse prevention.
Symptoms of Depression:
-Cognitive.
Affective
Behavioral.
Bodily.
-Majprity of people with depression go untreated.
It is multi-modal.
Bodily/vegetative symptoms.
Majority of people go untreated.
You can find online, screening tests- some only 9 items- usually give you an
indication of whether you are a little/ a lot depressed/not at all.
First item- little interest/pleasure in doing things.
Feeling down, depressed or hopeless- emotional.
Feeling tired/having little energy.
Trouble falling asleep or sleeping too much-strong link between sleep
problems and depression, research suggests it may be a pathway to
depression- if you are depressed you may be unable or sleep too much.
Poor apetite or eating too much- bodily symptom that can go either way.
Trouble concentration/moving slowly.
Focusing on he bodily/vegetative symptoms,
General consensus that many of us will feel depressed, but when it effects
your body/movement, no longer interested in things- suggest clinical
depression is unfolding, you probably know that the person no longer seems
like themselves.
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