PSYC 332 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Old Age, Psychosexual Development, Extraversion And Introversion

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20 Jul 2016
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Psychosocial Stages and the Struggle for Identity:
18:02
From level 1- the consistencies in our social and emotional behaviour to level
2- level 2 in mcadams framework is kind of a hog-bog of diff. constructs but
they are more dynamic and changeable, and I have already discussed the
big 3 motives- they are more about what we are striving for and why we do
it rather than how we do it.
-Level 2- Theory that has to do with development and how we are changing-
the basic idea is that at diff. times in our lives, there are core issues that are
personality will be focused on so that a 10 year old is predonminately
concerned with beign competent and skillfull, 20-identity, 50-60 year old has
a diff. set of concerns.
-Developmental within a personality approach.
Erikson’s psychosocial stage theory- we have 8 psychosocial stages that we
have to progress htrough, at each stage we have to solve a core conflict-
most important is number 5- involves establishing ouridentity and figuring
out who we are- typically between 18-25 or so, the stage we are likely to be
at.
To understand it, you have to understand the way he categorizes people as
making good vs. poor progress in negotiating the central issue of a particular
stage- how can you tell if someone is making progress/working on identity.
Next stage after identity is intimacy.
Identity Crisis Anecdote:
EX. Of identity crisis, fits well, video examples too from the two movies of
spiderman.
The ex., when I was 18 years old I knew I should get away from home,
change and develop more easily if I were to go away to university.
Colgate university- in upstate newyork, offered him a trustee scholarship. It
fit his picture of what college should be like, indicated that he would go
there- 5-6 hours from new york city, thought it was the right step.
A day after he said he would accept it, his mom cried saying please do not
go, your dad had ah eart attack, your brother is leaving, go to Colombia
university , so he decided not to go and he went to Colombia university.
Went there for 2 years and knew he made the wrong choice, did well in
school but while he was there, he worked 10-15 hours a week at Macy’s
Harold square. Worked in the basement where they tried to create an open
market.
Found that a lot of people I worked with seemed to want to help me
develop.
To elicit something at 18- where people wanted to give me some advice.
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Alex- on a slow day, asked him what kind of music he liked and he sid
broadway show tunes. And he said you can’t be serious, he s aid you cannot
do that- he took a piece of wax paper and with a deli crayon, he wrote out
100 albums he should get.- saying your only chance in life is if you listen.
He kept the wax paper and started listening to that kind of music, he was
trying to tell him, you have to listen to certain type of mysic- he took that
advice.
A couple months later, a women he worked with asked to take him
shopping.
The final guy, John, he was a strong tough guy and he had two ideas.- he
was a black belt in taik won do, he thought he wasn’t confident and
assertive- which is a pretty good theory, he went with him 3 times to taik
won do.- he didn’t like it, they made him buy one of the outfits you buy
when you do karattee, he also found it was difficult- you have to be flexible
and coordinated, and authoritarian, had to count in Korean and salute the
cach- and in the 3rd class, the teacher wanted to demonstrate and asked
him- what he demonstrated was like a neck grip.- he was supposed to just
hit his thigh when he felt pain but he just yelled please stop you are hurting
me- felt embarrassed so never went back again.
Took this key and put it in his desk where he worked, about a month later,
his mom comes to him crying, carrying this key and says Richard how could
you do this, what have we done wrong. He hid the key because if the mom
knew if he was taking karate she would be worried, but she thought he had
become a mouniee- which was a religious cult in the 1980s, that targeted
uni. Students, especially spaced out isolates like myself and most middle
class parents had a mortle fear that their kids would be captured or
seducded by the mouniees- she thought he joined the cult.
If you join the cult, you leave your family and obey whatever the church told
you to do- they arrange weddings.
He didn’t consider going down this path and he told his mom he would never
join the group and she was releaved.
The message in all of this for me; if your parents think you have joined a
crazy cult, it is a sign that you have to do some work on your identity.
It was an identity crisis- he had to do some work on his identity- he had to
think about what is his taste, what do I wanna wear, where do I wanna go to
school or wear, decided to transfer to rodchester uni.
Ekison’s Psychosocial stages:
1. Trust vs. mistrust- making a secure attachment and being understood by
mom-dad, if that is resolved well, child will go on to autonomy vs. doubt.
1st year of life.
2. Autonomy.- Age 2
3. Initiative.-Age 4-5
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4. Industry- daughter at this stage, goes from age 6-7 till about 16-17,
mostly corresponds to years in gradeschool/junior high school- erikson
would suggest that during that stage, what the predominant concern that we
have is a concern about competence and industry.
The concern has a moral component- do we do things well, are we good
people.
And a performance/skill component- daughter excited because she likes
batpimgnet- she needs something to feel like she can do especially well- the
suggestion would be is that that is very important at 10-13-15 years old.
Once we reach 17-18, and assuming we have resolved issues of competence
and industry, we face identity.
Childhood to mid-adolescence.
5. Identity- Who we are, and how we will fit in the adult world- from 18-25.
While we are still wrestling with identity, intimacy comes on and how to
make connections with others.
Late adolescence/young adulthood.
6. Intimacy- Young adulthood.
7. Generativity- Midlife- My stage, I should have been involved with since
30- parents at this stage.- What my contribution is ganna be, what im ganna
leave behind.
8. Integrity- Old age.
-He adapted freuds theory of psychosexual development to psychosocial
development, instead of hidden sexual conflicts, they are about social,
interpersonal things.
-We have to grapple with a key, core conflict, at diff. stages of our life and
whether we negotiate it well enough will give us momentum in the next
developmental stage.
-Key addition that erikson made, freud focused on childhood- and his ended
at ppuberty, but erikson considered psychosocial development in childhood,
adolescents and into adulthood- 4 for childhood and 4 for adulthood.
James Marcia article- describes them and highlights that the fundamental
one, that will determine our future as adults is the identity stage. That is the
one he has focused most of his attention on research wise.
Video Example:
-Question with identity, is who am I, how do I fit into the adulthood-
assessed by asking people about their career and if they know which
direction they wanna go and whether they have explored other directions
and political and religious beliefs and ideologies.
Clip from the first spiderman movie- peter parker talking to mary jane about
who they are, what they are going to do.
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