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lec 23

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PSYC 333
Sonya Laszlo

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Lecture#23 Social Psychology (Part II) Ÿ Consequences of prejudice from the point of view of the target of prejudice, in specific, stereotype threat Ÿ By prejudice we are referring to a kind of attitude, a particular kind of evaluation, a negative one of a group of people, who are defined by membership of same characteristics, race, ethnicity, occupational status, age, sexual orientation, etc. (demographic characteristic) Ÿ An evaluation of the group as a whole Ÿ Asignificant component of a prejudice is a stereotype, an over generalized and false belief, no exceptions Ÿ Prejudice and stereotypes are things that we have, when we act on them, we are speaking on discrimination; discrimination is something that we do, explicitly behaviour Ÿ Prejudice is an attitude, discrimination is a belief, and discrimination is a behaviour Ÿ To discriminate is to treat people different based on their group membership, most common forms are limiting access to resources, denying opportunities such as jobs, economic opportunities Ÿ Where do our prejudices come from? Many sources of prejudices, but one commonly sited and studied from a classic study is the Sherif Camp Study, kids were isolated in a camp and randomly assigned to two different cabins which were isolated from each other, the cabins had characteristics that represented two different things, rattlers and eagles, and participated in different activities as a group Ÿ Competitive interactions between two groups, and within a very short period of time, there was an escalating extent of verbal and physical aggression, kids would tease each other, and eventually escalated to camp invasions, destroy/remove property, etc., emerged spontaneously Ÿ Each group wanted to elevate their status within their group Ÿ Conclusion was that competition cultivated a kind of out group denigration, condemned members of out groups Ÿ Through the course of evolution, this might have had an adaptive value, in earlier points of history when we were in tribal bands, this kind of ability may have been of benefit (favour people from one’s own group from another) Ÿ Consequences of these actions, prejudice, are stereotype threats, a particular kind of discomfort or distress, when they are representing their group on some kind of performance related activity Ÿ Imagine a member of a group that is under discrimination, and they are seen weaker in some kind of ability, and now you must perform it, the theory goes, this additional burden that you are aware that you are bad at this ability, and you have to perform as good as everyone else and better than what others expect, and these kinds of cognitions, confirms the stereotype that people have of you due to the stress Ÿ e.g. study of women who were asked to do a math test, and prior to taking it, they were told there were gender differences on the test, it was left for the women to assume that women did more poorly, and under this condition, it was compromised, and by just being told that women did poorly, the drop in performance was obtained (they simply aff
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