PSYC 333 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Psychology Today, Positive Illusions, Self-Image
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PSYC333 Lecture 20 - Apr. 5
•Mental models of close relationships
•Contain information about whether the self is worthy of love and affection
•Whether others are trustworthy and reliable
•“Interpretative filters” through which new relationships are meaningfully understood and construed
•Based on early experiences with caregivers but incorporate new relationship experiences (i.e., can change)
•Secure, anxious, avoidant
•General and relationship-specific models…
•What is available can be primed
Gender & Relationship-Specific Attachment (Baldwin et al, 1996):
Contextual Activation of Attachment:
•Primed warm/supportive vs critical/judgmental relationship models vs control
•Women imagine themselves with unplanned pregnancy
•Attachment models should reduce distress
•Those primed with warm/supportive other experienced less distress and more active coping
•Responses independent of chronic attachment
•Attachment models chronic and contextually activated
•What matters is what model is activated now
•Helpful, Supportive, Caring, Accepting, Loving
•Critical, Nagging, Rejecting, Hurtful, Distant
Idealization and the Construction of Satisfaction in Close Relationships:
•We regularly see virtues in our partner’s faults
•Is idealization the key to happiness?
•Or does it leave people vulnerable to dashed hopes and expectations
•Positive illusions about the self critical to adjustment and mental health
•Are such illusions similarly adaptive for romantic relationships?
•What you have
•Your own unique standard for an ideal (not cultural standard)
•How you would most prefer your current partner to be
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•What you believe your partner has
Perception is a Process of Social Construction:
•Do actors’ impression of partner = partner self-perceptions? (“reality matching”)
•Do actors view their partner’s more positively than their partner’s view of themselves?
•Do actor’s unique, idealized constructions of partner predict greater satisfaction?
•Kind and affectionate
•Open and disclosing
•Critical and judgmental
•Paths b and c significant:
•Impressions of partner reflect partner’s impressions of themselves
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