PSYC 342 Lecture Notes - Junk Science, Metaknowledge, Impact Factor

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PSYC 342 Lecture 1 - Jan. 10
Introduction: Comments on Academia:
University education enables you to enter Academia
Done mostly by teaching you knowledge
However, little emphasis on meta-knowledge (teaching how to teach, or learning how to learn…)
One goal for this class: Making you understand the scientific process
How Do You Become a Scientist?
Finish your university degree
Typically requires a Ph.D to become a scientist
Masters degree demonstrates that you can conduct research that was assigned to you by your su-
pervisor. Ph.D must show that you can come up with original research
Ph.D, M.D., Psy.D., are the three ‘Doctors’ that qualify you as a ‘scientist’
In science, for scientists, it’s all about publications
You either ‘publish or perish’
Basic content in scientific paper includes, methods component, results, hypothesis, etc.
Journal Publications:
The Journal Impact factor
Tells you about how prestigious or high-quality a journal is
How many times an article will get cited or was cited in one year
The h-index
Designed to tell people about the quality of a scientist
Citations = papers = h
More papers with papers being cited by numerous scientists results in higher h-index
The peer review process
Prior to being allowed to publish, peers review your work. This allows your work to be verified to
be legit and free from problems
Typically gets other scientists familiar in the same field as work to review and critically assess
the work
Peer-review criteria:
Originality, Novelty
Impact
Accuracy
Sound science
Problems with peer-review:
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