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Lecture 17

PSYC 471 Lecture 17: 17 PSYC 471 March 16th 2017

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PSYC 471
Richard Koestner

17 PSYC 471 March 16 2017h Arranged marriages  Would you let your mum pick your partner?  India 40-60%, central Africa more than 60%, South America (much of) 21- 40%  Other issues: child marriages, consanguineous marraiges (blood relative), polygamous marriages, same-sex marriages (where are they allowed)  “Case study”: Vinit and Anshu arranged marriages Video clip: Harry Met Sally 1991  This I show Koestner met his wife: personal initiative and choice—glorified in the US  How Koestner met his wife:  They met in a personal growth section at a Chapters  Extremely romantic first date.  Point is: he is Americanized… he wanted to take a chance, make a choice, and pursue the person  But “his way” is the American way, maybe American male way Research on Benefits of Choice  One thing that can enhance intrinsic motivation  Free choice paradigm  One participant chose which puzzle they wanted to do then the next had to do the same puzzle (no choice)  Instead of comparing effect of reward vs. no reward: effect of having a choice vs. not having a choice  1) Making a choice about surface feature of puzzles  Found: people given choice had twice as much intrinsic motivation during free choice period  2) Kids learning math used a personalized sci-fi video game to learn it  Personalized (change aspects of their game) vs. just normal standardized  Simple choice (this or that version) vs. standardized  None of the choices changed the actual content just surface choices (spaceship colour etc.)  Found: choice vs. no choice condition—significantly happier about activity  Personalized choice vs. no choice—even larger difference  Higher motivation and performance  Kids with choice were also doing more complex math problems at the end  3) Kids and reading logs (if they’re not given choice to read they don’t want to) Sheena Iyengar:  Choice is tricky, trickier than we might imagine  Optimal amount of choices=6 or 7  If you’re from an Eastern background with a culture that values collectivism, personal choice might be antithetical to the typical way you are  We have too many choices and it can be incapacitating  TED talk:  She asks for green tea with sugar and Japanese waiter refuses her  She talks about how in her American view, if you ask a waiter for something reasonable that is not the norm then that’s okay, but in Japanese view it’s just not how you drink green tea  Assumption:  Make your own choices—it’s essential for success to choice for yourself  Do all individuals benefit from making individual choices? Study with Lepper:  Brought Anglo and Asian children  First group kids chose which pile of puzzles and markers they used  Second group were told which puzzles to do and markers to use  Third group were told that their puzzles and markers had been chosen by their mothers  Found:  Anglo Americans did 2.5 times more puzzles when they got to chose them (same for both no-choice version)  Asian Americans
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