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Lecture 6

PSYC 471 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Time Series, Multiperspectivity

5 pages49 viewsSpring 2018

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 471
Professor
Richard Koestner
Lecture
6

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- Having a vital and meaningful life is understanding the concept of flow
- TV watching said by Csikszentmihalyi as the opp of flow
- People have stopped watching TV, instead they watch it from the television
- Found that for people >45, they spend a couple hours a week watching TV (6 hours a
day)
- Csikszentmihalyi found that when interviewing people who were performing touch
activities with no reward eg. surfing, he found that they each enjoyed the actual
experience of it → where flow originated
- The phenomenology of being so immersed in the activity that you feel as though
you are carried away by it
- Flow experiences add to your everyday experiences
- One of the dangers of flow is that it is addictive
Flow, by Csikszentmihalyi
- flow= a sense of effortless action felt in moments that stand out as the best in our lives
- Components:
- Clarity of goals
- Eg. when surfing, its to stay up on the board
- Goals become more sophisticated as you get better → become
more complex
- Immediate feedback
- Eg. falling off your surfboard and hitting the water
- Challenges and skills are matched
- The key to how he empirically assesses flow
- Flow activities are challenging, but you feel as though you have
enough skill to deal with the challenge
- An activity that is too challenging causes anxiousness, and is no
longer a flow activity
- Absorbed in the task
- Inability to multitask because a flow activity is too absorbing
- No time to be self conscious
- Sense of personal control
- Altered sense of time
- Eg. when you’re talking to someone and suddenly realize you’ve
been talking for 3 hours
- Daily experience studies by Csikszentmihalyi
- Used beepers
- Recruit uni students/adults
- Design: ppts would be beeped randomly 10 times a day, each time they were
beeped they’d have to fill out a form within a booklet which stated where they
were, who they were with, what they were doing, how interesting the task was,
what their mood was, etc
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- Csikszentmihalyi looked at reports of flow while at work or at leisure→ looked at
the paradox of work and leisure
- Measured in terms of challenge vs skill
- Found that people were 3x more likely to experience flow at work rather than
during leisure activities
- This is despite many reporting they did not want to be at work/working
- When there is no challenge or skill it produces apathy
- Csikszentmihalyi stated that we should try and be within the flow channel
-
- Sports and hobbies are most likely to produce the flow experience
Csikszentmihalyi’s view on tv:
- “Mass leisure and mass culture are the parasites of the mind; they absorb psychic
energy without substantive return”
- Study by Kubey and Csikszentmihalyi:
- Compared all other activities with TV watching
-
- potency= how alive you feel, vitality, etc
- TV produced a lot of relaxation, which we think we need
- Altogether, TV is highly relaxing and moderately pleasant; BUT highly unchallenging,
highly passive and requires low concentration
- Csikszentmihalyi compared watching TV to reading
- Most people spend much more time watching TV than actually reading
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