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Lecture 18

PSYC 471 Lecture 18: Lecture 18

6 Pages
76 Views
Spring 2018

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 471
Professor
Richard Koestner
Lecture
18

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- The number one goal of parents, teachers, etc is to maintain the intrinsic motivation of
children
- Rewards are our #1 motivator when we work with children → can be damaging to
intrinsic motivation depending on how it’s administered
- We can undermine intrinsic motivation by motivating them with reward, praise or
competition
- Encouraging cooperation, personalizing learning or providing a rationale, and supporting
autonomy → this helps to nurture and maintain intrinsic motivation
- Along with intrinsic motivation, internalization is the second most important motivational
process when working with children
- Eg. cultural internalization
Struggle of living as an ethnic minority
- My big fat greek wedding:
- #1 romantic comedy of all time
- Comedy about ethnic identity and romance
- Main girl falls in love with a non greek man, despite her family being very
traditional and wanting her to marry a greek man → tries to hide it,
eventually tries to get her parents to reconcile
- Became a big hit because many could identify with the challenge of
coming from a different heritage or culture from the majority population of
the country you live in
- Another example given is of Gazette struggling to have his sons retain their African
culture
- Also claims that mental health professionals make the mistake, when working
with bicultural individuals, of having them move away from their cultural heritage
and instead merge with the general culture within that country
-
“Austrian” things the prof did not internalize
- Going to German school on saturday mornings
- Eating wursts
- Wearing lederhosen
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- Accordion lessons
- Polka dancing
- Playing soccer
Eventually the prof and his family blended in and became ‘Americanized’
In America, unlike in Canada, most minorities are encouraged to become more American and
be subsumed by the general culture
- Especially germans, likely due to the lingering aftermath of WWII
- Whereas in canada, the norm is for ethnic minorities to hold onto their language and
tradition
Cultural internalization
- Cultural internalization= process by which cultural beliefs and practices are adopted by
the individual and then enacted in the absence of immediate external contingencies or
constraints
- Involves more than forcing the person to do what you want them to do eg. make
them go to german school → because this is not internalization, and without this,
the child will likely stop performing this behaviour when they grow up
- Cultural internalization looks at personal endorsement
Deci and Ryan’s theory of internalization
- Argue against the general idea that internalization is something that you do to children,
instead they state that:
- Children are willing and even active participants in the process
- Kids have a need for competence and relatedness, and hence will be
naturally interest in cultural practice
- Natural for a young kid to orient towards what their parents/family are
doing and be interested in it
- The social context influences which internalization process and regulatory
style occurs
- Determined by whether the parents are coercive/controlling, or if they’re
more autonomous and allow more questioning
- The way the parents relate to the child in terms of what they want them to
learn/do
- There are diff processes by which internalization occurs:
- introjection= taking in a value or regulatory process but not accepting it as one’s
own
- Don’t endorse it themselves, it’s an incomplete or partial internalization
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Description
- The number one goal of parents, teachers, etc is to maintain the intrinsic motivation of children - Rewards are our #1 motivator when we work with children can be damaging to intrinsic motivation depending on how its administered - We can undermine intrinsic motivation by motivating them with reward, praise or competition - Encouraging cooperation, personalizing learning or providing a rationale, and supporting autonomy this helps to nurture and maintain intrinsic motivation - Along with intrinsic motivation, internalization is the second most important motivational process when working with children - Eg. cultural internalization Struggle of living as an ethnic minority - My big fat greek wedding: - #1 romantic comedy of all time - Comedy about ethnic identity and romance - Main girl falls in love with a non greek man, despite her family being very traditional and wanting her to marry a greek man tries to hide it, eventually tries to get her parents to reconcile - Became a big hit because many could identify with the challenge of coming from a different heritage or culture from the majority population of the country you live in - Another example given is of Gazette struggling to have his sons retain their African culture - Also claims that mental health professionals make the mistake, when working with bicultural individuals, of having them move away from their cultural heritage and instead merge with the general culture within that country - Austrian things the prof did not internalize - Going to German school on saturday mornings - Eating wursts - Wearing lederhosen- Accordion lessons - Polka dancing - Playing soccer Eventually the prof and his family blended in and became Americanized In America, unlike in Canada, most minorities are encouraged to become more American and be subsumed by the general culture - Especially germans, likely due to the lingering aftermath of WWII - Whereas in canada, the norm is for ethnic minorities to hold onto their language and tradition Cultural internalization - Cultural internalization= process by which cultural beliefs and practices are adopted by the individual and then enacted in the absence of immediate external contingencies or constraints - Involves more than forcing the person to do what you want them to do eg. make them go to german school because this is not internalization, and without this, the child will likely stop performing this behaviour when they grow up - Cultural internalization looks at personal endorsement Deci and Ryans theory of internalization - Argue against the general idea that internalization is something
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