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Lecture 12

PSYC 471 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Judit Polgár, Mental Representation, Longitudinal Study

4 pages26 viewsSpring 2018

Course Code
PSYC 471
Richard Koestner

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Judith Polgar
- Youngest daughter of 3 daughters who were raised by their parents with the intention of
making them all chess grandmasters
With Ericssons work, whether a child will be interested in a particular area is how they interact
with the task/domain, and there will be individual differences
- Passion shapes the areas in which we are most likely to perform more deliberate
- Mental representation allows you chunk a huge amount of information and act
appropriately upon it → the result of deliberate practice
- Mike and Ryan Sullivan (hockey father and son) had an athletic family system= distinct
social system that centers on the sports involvement of children
Benjamin Bloom’s research on the development of expertise
- Extensive interviews of 120 young people (+ their parents and coaches) → all were top
25 in US in their field
- Identified as talented in: arts, athletics, academics
- Tried to understand the developmental path of kids who grow up to be experts; looked at
home environments, diff stages
- Home environments of youngsters who become elite performers:
- #1: child oriented
- Focus on the child, parents willing to put in time and effort to foster the
child’s skills
- Focus more on the next generation develop
- #2: achievement oriented
- A lot of talk about success, goals, improvement, winning
- Parents often model motivation for achievement eg. watch the olympics a
- Teach child of long term goals and comment on other kids (reminding the
kid that they can achieve more)
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