Class Notes (835,638)
Canada (509,305)
Psychology (3,336)
PSYC 471 (179)
Lecture

Lecture 1: Motivation

3 Pages
74 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 471
Professor
Richard Koestner
Semester
Fall

Description
PSYC 471 Sept 6 Why do we fail at our goals and resolutions? - motivation = drive, energy and direction - when we think about how we need motivation, we often come to the same strategy: usually we decide to set goals. this is the most natural and easiest way to renew our motivation - once we set a goal, something very positive happens {universal action plan: when you have a goal, you have to focus attention, give effort and persist} - we usually fail when we make resolutions: how successful are we at achieving our goals? - about 50% of Americans make resolutions, and from year to year, the same resolutions are the most popular (quit smoking, lose weight and start exercising) - these are all people trying to change their lifestyles for the better - most people who succeed do so as a result of a self-initiated event (not as a treatment, but because they've made a goal/resolution) - research suggests that smokers have to try about 8 times before they succeed in quitting. thus it's often a result of multiple attempts - most people would acknowledge that they tend to fail in their resolutions. thus a lot of people don't like setting goals, as it makes them feel bad about themselves. - that being said, many people learn things from doing so, and it allows them to start a bit further along the next time - the main problem with goals is that humans are very habitual creatures and they have a hard time changing their schedules. - the thing is that sometimes you succeed, and this is a problem because you have to figure out why you succeed at some and not at others - if a goal is inspiring, you may persist because of that - accomplishing a goal makes us feel euphoric/accomplished - goals are a path to happiness and emotional well-being, but failing at them puts our well-being at risk - Norcross et al, 1990: they gathered a large group of adults who were going to make New Years resolutions, and then they followed up with them to see when they failed - by the end of two years, 90% have failed - predictors of this: the desire to change, readiness to change and self-efficacy. - certain factors with influence your success rate - reasons for failure: people forget, they lack will power, they make deliberate decisions not to, or there are factors beyond their control - theory of self-regulation failure - Baumeister and Heather
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 471

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit